Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Polytypism of cronstedtite from Nizna Slana, Slovakia

Jiri Hybler, Martin Stevko and Jiri Sejkora
Polytypism of cronstedtite from Nizna Slana, Slovakia
European Journal of Mineralogy (October 2016) 29 (1): 91-99


Cronstedtite, (Fe (super 2+) (sub 3-) (sub x) Fe (super 3+) (sub x) )(Si (sub 2-) (sub x) Fe (super 3+) (sub x) )O (sub 5) (OH) (sub 4) , was found in the Mano metasomatic siderite deposit near Nizna Slana, Slovakia. The deposit is hosted in Early Palaeozoic rocks of the Gemeric Superunit. Cronstedtite occurs mostly as slim, up to 2.5-mm trigonal pyramids in drusy cavities in the octahedral or cubo-octahedral crystals of pyrite in quartz veins. Separated crystals (21 altogether, including fragments of larger crystals) were checked on the four-circle X-ray diffractometer with CCD area detector. From user-defined pre-experiments, the -2h h l, h h l, -h 2h l, h 0 l, 0 k l, -h h l (in hexagonal indices) precession-like images of reciprocal lattice planes were constructed using the diffractometer software. The OD subfamilies (Bailey's groups) and polytypes were identified from the reflection distribution along -2 1 l/1 1 l/ -1 2 l and 1 0 l/0 1 l/ -1 1 l rows (hexagonal indices), respectively. Some selected crystals were further studied by electron probe micro-analysis (EPMA). Almost all crystals studied belong to the A group. The most common polytype is 3T, occurring either as the only one in crystals, or intergrown with 1M polytype. Most of 3T crystals are twinned by reticular merohedry interchanging the obverse/reverse settings of the rhombohedral subfamily structure. This twinning affects predominantly bottom and central parts, but not apices of crystals. In a rare, rounded tabular, and strongly disordered D-group crystal, the 2H (sub 1) and traces of the 2H (sub 2) polytypes were recognized. Besides the major Si and Fe contents, small amounts of Cl (0.02-0.06 apfu) and mainly of S (up to 0.11 apfu) were detected by EPMA.

ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 29
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Polytypism of cronstedtite from Nizna Slana, Slovakia
Affiliation: Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Prague, Czech Republic
Pages: 91-99
Published: 20161017
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Germany
References: 55
Accession Number: 2016-094590
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables
N48°44'06" - N48°44'06", E20°24'54" - E20°24'54"
Secondary Affiliation: Comenius University, SVK, SlovakiaNational Museum, CZE, Czech Republic
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2022, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201646
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal