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Modeling of interfacial dynamic slip pulses with slip-weakening friction

Shiro Hirano and Teruo Yamashita
Modeling of interfacial dynamic slip pulses with slip-weakening friction
Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (August 2016) 106 (4): 1628-1636


Dynamic slip pulse propagation along a material interface is of great interest because many faults are known to lie along material interfaces and such interfaces may cause pulse-like ruptures. This subject has been extensively studied numerically over the last two decades. It has not, however, been studied very thoroughly from an analytical standpoint, although analytical studies would complement numerical ones. In particular, an analytical solution for removing stress singularities has not yet been obtained, even after an asymptotic analysis. In this article, we employ three physically plausible conditions in our theoretical modeling: (1) arbitrary propagation speeds in the sub-Rayleigh range, (2) a slip-weakening friction law, and (3) boundedness of stress. We can construct an analytical solution under these conditions, and as a result of our parameter study, we determine the dependence of slip-weakening distance and the ratio of process zone size to pulse length on rupture direction and velocity. These results enable us to discuss a mechanism for limiting rupture velocity and estimating the slip-weakening distance in seismic inversion analyses.

ISSN: 0037-1106
EISSN: 1943-3573
Serial Title: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Serial Volume: 106
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Modeling of interfacial dynamic slip pulses with slip-weakening friction
Affiliation: Ritsumeikan University, Department of Physical Science, Shiga, Japan
Pages: 1628-1636
Published: 201608
Text Language: English
Publisher: Seismological Society of America, Berkeley, CA, United States
References: 36
Accession Number: 2016-085230
Categories: Seismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Includes appendices
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: University of Tokyo, JPN, Japan
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Seismological Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201641
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