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Sustainability in earthen heritage conservation

Cristiana S. Costa, F. Rocha and A. L. Velosa
Sustainability in earthen heritage conservation
Special Publication - Geological Society of London (2016) 416: 91-100


Earth construction is the oldest building material known, with documented cases of the use of earth bricks since Mesopotamia around 10 000 BC. Earth construction exists throughout most of the world in different cultures, and for some countries it continues to be the main process of construction. Around 30% of the world's population lives in buildings made from earth materials. Earthen construction is an environmentally friendly technique with a social and cultural contribution; this advantage is increased when this type of construction is applied in developing countries where the material costs counterbalance the labour costs, and where other materials and techniques are not available. Studies of material characteristics are required in order to understand the composition and specific properties of earth buildings, their heterogeneity and their degradation mechanisms. Results from two different types of adobes that represent these material characteristics in Aveiro district are shown, owing to the importance of determining and acknowledging the main characteristics of adobe buildings in order to have sufficient information to initiate conservation and rehabilitation actions.

ISSN: 0305-8719
EISSN: 2041-4927
Serial Title: Special Publication - Geological Society of London
Serial Volume: 416
Title: Sustainability in earthen heritage conservation
Affiliation: University of Aveiro, Department of Geosciences, Aveiro, Portugal
Pages: 91-100
Published: 2016
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
References: 32
Accession Number: 2016-083642
Categories: Engineering geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, sketch maps
N40°16'60" - N41°04'60", W08°46'60" - W08°01'60"
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 201640
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