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Cu diffusion in a basaltic melt

Peng Ni and Youxue Zhang
Cu diffusion in a basaltic melt
American Mineralogist (June 2016) 101 (6): 1474-1482


Recent studies suggest a potential role of diffusive transport of metals (e.g., Cu, Au, PGE) in the formation of magmatic sulfide deposits and porphyry-type deposits. However, diffusivities of these metals are poorly determined in natural silicate melts. In this study, diffusivities of copper in an anhydrous basaltic melt (<10 ppm H (sub 2) O) were measured at temperatures from 1298 to 1581 degrees C, and pressures of 0.5, 1, and 1.5 GPa. Copper diffusivities in anhydrous basaltic melt at 1 GPa can be described as: D (sub Cu) (super basalt) = exp[-(14.12+ or -0.50) - 11813+ or -838/T] where D (sub Cu) (super basalt) is the diffusivity in m (super 2) /s, T is the temperature in K, and errors are given at 1sigma level. A fitting of all experimental data considering the pressure effect is: D (sub Cu) (super basalt) = exp[-(13.59+ or -0.81) - (12153+ or -1229)+(620+ or -241)P/T] where P is the pressure in GPa, which corresponds to a pre-exponential factor D (sub 0) = (1.25 X/ 2.2)X10 (super -6) m (super 2) /s, an activation energy E (sub a) = 101 + or - 10 kJ/mol at P = 0, and an activation volume V (sub a) = (5.2 + or - 2.0)X10 (super -6) m (super 3) /mol. The diffusivity of copper in basaltic melt is high compared to most other cations, similar to that of Na. The high copper diffusivity is consistent with the occurrence of copper mostly as Cu (super +) in silicate melts at or below NNO. Compared to the volatile species, copper diffusivity is generally smaller than water diffusivity, but about one order of magnitude higher than sulfur and chlorine diffusivities. Hence, Cu partitioning between a growing sulfide liquid drop and the surrounding silicate melt is roughly in equilibrium, whereas that between a growing fluid bubble and the surrounding melt can be out of equilibrium if the fluid is nearly pure H (sub 2) O fluid. Our results are the first copper diffusion data in natural silicate melts, and can be applied to discuss natural processes such as copper transport and kinetic partitioning behavior in ore formation, as well as copper isotope fractionation caused by evaporation during tektite formation.

ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 101
Serial Issue: 6
Title: Cu diffusion in a basaltic melt
Affiliation: University of Michigan, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Pages: 1474-1482
Published: 201606
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 38
Accession Number: 2016-079208
Categories: General geochemistry
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201638
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