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Melting curve of NaCl to 20 GPa from electrical measurements of capacitive current

Zeyu Li and Jie Li
Melting curve of NaCl to 20 GPa from electrical measurements of capacitive current
American Mineralogist (September 2015) 100 (8-9): 1892-1898


Using an in situ electrical method and the multi-anvil apparatus, we determined the melting curve of sodium chloride (NaC1) up to approximately 20 GPa, with an estimated uncertainty of + or -40 K. Our results agree well with the existing data up to 6.5 GPa. At higher pressures, the melting temperatures from this study are as much as 200 K higher than those from an experimental study using the diamond-anvil cell (DAC), and are up to 500 K lower than those from theoretical studies using molecular dynamics (MD). The discrepancies may originate from surface melting in the DAC measurements, which underestimate the melting temperature, and from superheating in MD calculations, which over-predict the melting temperature. Fitting our results to the Simon equation yield (T/T (sub 0) ) (super 4.5) = (P - P (sub 0) )/0.6 + 1, where T and T (sub 0) are the melting temperatures at P and P (sub 0) , respectively, with T (sub 0) = 1073.6 K, T in K and P in GPa. The Simon equation fits the experimental data within uncertainties and therefore can be used to interpolate the melting curve. Using the equation of state (EoS) of NaCl at 300 K, the results are fitted to the Kraut-Kennedy equation in the form of T/T (sub 0) = (V (sub 0) - V)/V (sub 0) .4.37 + 1, where T (in K) and T (sub 0) (= 1073.6 K) are the melting temperatures at V and V (sub 0) (at 0.0001 GPa), respectively. At pressures above 14 GPa, the experimental data deviate from the Kraut-Kennedy equation fit toward lower temperatures, probably because the volume dependence of the Gruneisen parameter was ignored in the equation. The Gilvarry-Lindemann equation T (sub m) approximately 1.689.f (super 2) .Theta (sub 0) (super 2) . (V (sub 0) /V) (super 2(gamma -1/3)) provides a satisfactory fit to the melting curve of NaCl between 0 and 19 GPa if the exponent q in the volume dependence of the Gruneisen parameter gamma = gamma (sub 0) . (V/V (sub 0) ) (super q) is allowed to deviate from one. Given that the melting curve of NaCl up to 6.5 GPa is well established, monitoring the melting of NaCl offers an efficient alternative for pressure calibration of large-volume high-pressure apparatus for Earth science applications.

ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 100
Serial Issue: 8-9
Title: Melting curve of NaCl to 20 GPa from electrical measurements of capacitive current
Author(s): Li, ZeyuLi, Jie
Affiliation: University of Michigan, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Pages: 1892-1898
Published: 201509
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 43
Accession Number: 2015-089130
Categories: Geophysics of minerals and rocks
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201538
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