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Archaeometric characterization of Proto-Byzantine glass workshop from the Roman amphitheatre of Catania (Sicily, Italy)

Marcella Di Bella, Carlotta Giacobbe, Simona Quartieri, Giuseppe Sabatino and Umberto Spigo
Archaeometric characterization of Proto-Byzantine glass workshop from the Roman amphitheatre of Catania (Sicily, Italy) (in Characterization, diagnosis and conservation of cultural heritage, Germana Barone (prefacer) and Pierfranco Lattanzi (prefacer))
European Journal of Mineralogy (June 2015) 27 (3): 353-363

Abstract

Twenty-five glassy samples, including fragments of objects, molten glass and glass drops originating from a Proto-Byzantine glass workshop of the Catania Roman Amphitheatre, were analysed for major, minor and trace elements. Two main groups of natron-based silica-lime glass were identified, as well as one sample of obsidian (from Lipari Island). The majority of the samples (20) are High Iron, Manganese and Titanium (HIMT) glass. Specifically, most of them (18) can be classified as HIMT1, with only two HIMT2 glasses, according to the latest classification proposed in the literature. Three samples belong to the Levantine I type. In regard to the geochemical signatures of HIMT raw materials, the high abundance of HREE relative to LREE and of HFS elements (Zr, Nb, Ta, Ti, Hf, Th), suggests the use of impure sand, particularly enriched in heavy minerals and/or in mafic phases. Furthermore, the noticeably different contents of all the HFSE in the two main sample sub-groups - enriched HIMT and depleted Levantine I - allow us to propose these elements as discriminating factors between the two glass categories, which were present at the same time.


ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 27
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Archaeometric characterization of Proto-Byzantine glass workshop from the Roman amphitheatre of Catania (Sicily, Italy)
Title: Characterization, diagnosis and conservation of cultural heritage
Author(s): Di Bella, MarcellaGiacobbe, CarlottaQuartieri, SimonaSabatino, GiuseppeSpigo, Umberto
Author(s): Barone, Germanaprefacer
Author(s): Lattanzi, Pierfrancoprefacer
Affiliation: Universita di Messina, Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Messina, Italy
Affiliation: University of Catania, Catania, Italy
Pages: 353-363
Published: 201506
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Germany
Meeting name: International school innovative methodologies for the characterisation, diagnosis and conservation of the cultural heritage
Meeting location: Catania, ITA, Italy
Meeting date: 20140701July 1-4, 2014
References: 62
Accession Number: 2015-087038
Categories: Quaternary geologyGeneral geochemistry
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables
N37°30'00" - N37°30'00", E15°05'60" - E15°05'60"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Cagliari, ITA, ItalyEuropean Synchrotron Radiation Facility, FRA, FranceSoprintendenza dei Beni Culturali e Ambientali, ITA, Italy
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201537
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