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Calibration and evaluation of a frequency domain reflectometry sensor for real-time soil moisture monitoring

E. RoTimi Ojo, Paul R. Bullock, Jessika L'Heureux, Jarrett Powers, Heather McNairn and Anna Pacheco
Calibration and evaluation of a frequency domain reflectometry sensor for real-time soil moisture monitoring
Vadose Zone Journal (March 2015) 14 (3)

Abstract

Soil spatial heterogeneity poses a challenge to accurate soil moisture determination. Remote sensing, in particular, using sensors that acquire data at microwave frequencies, is being used to overcome this challenge. In situ soil moisture monitoring can be used to validate remotely sensed surface soil moisture estimates and as inputs for agronomic and hydrologic models. Nine in situ soil moisture stations were established in Manitoba (Canada) and instrumented with Stevens Hydra Probes. The sensors were installed in triplicate with vertical orientation at the surface and with horizontal orientation at the 5-, 20-, 50-, and 100-cm depths. To ensure accuracy of the measured soil moisture, both laboratory and field calibrations were conducted. These calibrated soil moisture values were compared with the probe default values and those generated using published calibrations. Overall, the results showed that the field calibration was superior (coefficient of determination r (super 2) of 0.95) to the laboratory calibration (r (super 2) of 0.89). In addition, coarse-textured sites generally performed better than the fine-textured, high cation exchange capacity (CEC) sites. At the Kelburn site with high clay and CEC, the use of field calibration reduced the root mean square error from 0.188 to 0.026 m (super 3) m (super -3) . However, at the low clay and CEC Treherne site, gains in accuracy were minimal, about 0.005 m (super 3) m (super -3) . The laboratory calibration consistently underestimated soil moisture at all the evaluation sites, whereas both Topp and Logsdon calibrations overestimated soil moisture.


ISSN: 1539-1663
Serial Title: Vadose Zone Journal
Serial Volume: 14
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Calibration and evaluation of a frequency domain reflectometry sensor for real-time soil moisture monitoring
Affiliation: University of Manitoba, Department of Soil Science, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
Published: 201503
Text Language: English
Publisher: Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI, United States
Number of pages: 12
References: 28
Accession Number: 2015-055309
Categories: Soils
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 6 tables, sketch map
N49°37'60" - N49°37'60", W98°42'00" - W98°42'00"
N49°29'33" - N49°45'11", W98°04'00" - W97°56'02"
Secondary Affiliation: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, CAN, Canada
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Soil Science Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201525
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