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Characterization of particulate matter in attic and settled dusts collected from two buildings in Budapest, Hungary

A. Baricza, B. Bajnoczi, M. Toth, R. Kaldos and C. Szabo
Characterization of particulate matter in attic and settled dusts collected from two buildings in Budapest, Hungary (in Sustainable use of traditional geomaterials in construction practice, R. Prikryl (editor), A. Torok (editor), M. Gomez-Heras (editor), K. Miskovsky (editor) and M. Theodoridou (editor))
Special Publication - Geological Society of London (March 2015) 416 (1): 239-252

Abstract

We have investigated two buildings covered with Zsolnay glazed architectural ceramics in Budapest (Hungary), one located in the densely built-up area of the city centre with a high traffic rate and one in a city quarter with moderate traffic and more open space. A black crust layer, containing a large amount of artificial particulate matter with different size and chemical composition, was observed on the ceramic material of both buildings, whereas weathered glaze was detected only on the ceramics of the building situated in the city centre. In this paper, our goal is to reveal the role of the particulate matter in the degradation of architectural ceramics. For this reason the attic dust and settled dust from the roofs of the studied buildings were collected. In the attic dust, besides the natural particles of geological origin, three types of artificial particles typically with spherical shape (spherules) were also distinguished: aluminosilicate (two subtypes), carbonaceous, and iron-rich fly-ash. The appearance of gypsum crystallites around the particulate matter in association with all spherule types suggests that the particulate matter greatly contributes to the degradation process.


ISSN: 0305-8719
EISSN: 2041-4927
Coden: GSLSBW
Serial Title: Special Publication - Geological Society of London
Serial Volume: 416
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Characterization of particulate matter in attic and settled dusts collected from two buildings in Budapest, Hungary
Title: Sustainable use of traditional geomaterials in construction practice
Author(s): Baricza, A.Bajnoczi, B.Toth, M.Kaldos, R.Szabo, C.
Author(s): Prikryl, R.editor
Author(s): Torok, A.editor
Author(s): Gomez-Heras, M.editor
Author(s): Miskovsky, K.editor
Author(s): Theodoridou, M.editor
Affiliation: Eotvos Lorand University, Institute of Geography and Earth Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
Pages: 239-252
Published: 20150316
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
Number of pages: 14
References: 53
Accession Number: 2015-054341
Categories: Engineering geologyEnvironmental geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch map
N47°19'60" - N47°45'00", E18°45'00" - E19°30'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Hungarian Academy of Science, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, HUN, Hungary
Source Note: Online First
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 201525
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