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Extreme curvature and extreme flexure analysis for fracture characterization from 3D seismic data; new analytical algorithms and geologic implications

Dengliang Gao and Haibin Di
Extreme curvature and extreme flexure analysis for fracture characterization from 3D seismic data; new analytical algorithms and geologic implications
Geophysics (March 2015) 80 (2): IM11-IM20

Abstract

Fracture characterization is fundamental to the reliable prediction of fractured reservoirs; however, it is difficult and expensive to obtain detailed fracture information required for reservoir prediction due to the lack of direct observational data in the subsurface. Here we develop seismic analysis methods to characterize fractured reservoirs based on reflection geometry related to bending and shearing of reservoir formations. Among various geometric attributes, we focus on extreme curvature and extreme flexure that are considered effective at detecting fractures. Extreme curvature refers to the signed absolute maximum curvature at a specific azimuth where the curve shape is the tightest, whereas extreme flexure refers to the signed absolute maximum gradient of curvature at a specific azimuth where the curve shape changes the most. We implement new algorithms based on analytical equations to calculate extreme curvature and extreme flexure along with the corresponding azimuth from 3D seismic data. Results from 3D seismic surveys demonstrate that the new algorithms help resolve structural details that are otherwise not easily discernible from regular amplitude and conventional attributes. Most importantly, the algorithms hold the potential to volumetrically detect and visualize fractures in an automatic and quantitative manner. We conclude that extreme curvature and extreme flexure attributes have important geologic implications for predicting fundamental fracture properties that are critical to fractured reservoir characterization in the subsurface.


ISSN: 0016-8033
EISSN: 1942-2156
Coden: GPYSA7
Serial Title: Geophysics
Serial Volume: 80
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Extreme curvature and extreme flexure analysis for fracture characterization from 3D seismic data; new analytical algorithms and geologic implications
Affiliation: West Virginia University, Department of Geology and Geography, Morgantown, WV, United States
Pages: IM11-IM20
Published: 201503
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 32
Accession Number: 2015-026642
Categories: Applied geophysicsEconomic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
N41°00'00" - N45°00'00", W111°04'60" - W104°04'60"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 201513
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