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From organic matter to graphite; graphitization

Peter R. Buseck and Olivier Beyssac
From organic matter to graphite; graphitization (in Graphitic carbon, Olivier Beyssac (editor) and Douglas Rumble (editor))
Elements (December 2014) 10 (6): 421-426


Organic compounds, which on Earth originate mainly through biological activity, are transformed under the physical conditions of Earth's crust, with the end product being graphite. In this graphitization process, they pass progressively and irreversibly through a wide variety of intermediate macrostructures and nanostructures before finally attaining the stable graphite structure. Characterizing this rich array of carbon structures, which are also of industrial interest, provides valuable information on the geological processes affecting carbon-bearing rocks. These processes impact global energy supplies, the geophysical behavior of the crust, and the habitability of the surface environment.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 10
Serial Issue: 6
Title: From organic matter to graphite; graphitization
Title: Graphitic carbon
Author(s): Buseck, Peter R.Beyssac, Olivier
Author(s): Beyssac, Oliviereditor
Author(s): Rumble, Douglaseditor
Affiliation: Arizona State University, School of Earth and Space Exploration & Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Tempe, AZ, United States
Affiliation: Universite Paris VI-Sorbonne, Departement de Mineralogie, de Physique des materiaux, et de Cosmochimie, Paris, France
Pages: 421-426
Published: 201412
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 31
Accession Number: 2015-007787
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicatesExtraterrestrial geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: Carnegie Institution of Washington, USA, United StatesUniversite de Paris VI-Sorbonne, FRA, France
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 201504
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