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Development of the coastal systems of the easternmost Gulf of Finland, and their links with Neolithic-Bronze and Iron Age settlements

D. Ryabchuk, V. Zhamoida, A. Amantov, A. Sergeev, T. Gusentsova, P. Sorokin, M. Kulkova and D. Gerasimov
Development of the coastal systems of the easternmost Gulf of Finland, and their links with Neolithic-Bronze and Iron Age settlements (in Geology and archaeology; submerged landscapes of the continental shelf, J. Harff (editor), G. Bailey (editor) and F. Luth (editor))
Special Publication - Geological Society of London (September 2014) 411

Abstract

We examine three questions concerning the post-glacial geological history of the eastern Gulf of Finland: (1) the amplitude of the Holocene sea-level regressions; (2) the time and mechanism of the development of large sand accretion forms (bars and spits), including dunes; and (3) the sea-level changes and coastal development over the last 4 kyr. Recent on-land geoarchaeological studies, as well as detailed marine geological research of the Gulf of Finland nearshore bottom, have provided new data for developing a hypothesis about the palaeogeographical development of the area. Geoarchaeological studies carried out around Sestroretsky Artificial Lake and within Okhta Cape, as well as analyses of previous studies of the Neolithic-Early Metal settlements, have shed new light on some aspects of coastal system development. Geographical information system (GIS)-based modelling of Holocene shorelines for the different time periods can be useful for future archaeological research. A series of submarine terraces was found at the bottom of the Gulf (sea depths from 10 to 2 m). The analysis of marine geological data (submarine terraces) and distribution of archaeological sites can be explained by a possible rise in relative sea level in the Gulf of Finland at 5 ka BP and a regression around 3 ka BP.


ISSN: 0305-8719
EISSN: 2041-4927
Coden: GSLSBW
Serial Title: Special Publication - Geological Society of London
Serial Volume: 411
Title: Development of the coastal systems of the easternmost Gulf of Finland, and their links with Neolithic-Bronze and Iron Age settlements
Title: Geology and archaeology; submerged landscapes of the continental shelf
Author(s): Ryabchuk, D.Zhamoida, V.Amantov, A.Sergeev, A.Gusentsova, T.Sorokin, P.Kulkova, M.Gerasimov, D.
Author(s): Harff, J.editor
Author(s): Bailey, G.editor
Author(s): Luth, F.editor
Affiliation: A. P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
Published: 20140929
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
Number of pages: 26
References: 52
Accession Number: 2015-007042
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, geol. sketch map
N60°16'60" - N60°16'60", E30°10'00" - E30°10'00"
N59°56'17" - N59°56'17", E29°34'38" - E29°34'38"
N60°05'12" - N60°05'12", E30°00'57" - E30°00'57"
Secondary Affiliation: North-West Institute of Natural and Cultural Heritage, RUS, Russian FederationHerzen State University, RUS, Russian FederationPeter the Great Institute of Anthropology and Ethnography, RUS, Russian Federation
Source Note: Online First
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 201504
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