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Marine geological and archaeological evidence of a possible pre-Neolithic site in Pantelleria Island, central Mediterranean Sea

Leonardo Abelli, Maria Vittoria Agosto, Daniele Casalbore, Claudia Romagnoli, Alessandro Bosman, Fabrizio Antonioli, Martina Pierdomenico, Andrea Sposato and Francesco Latino Chiocci
Marine geological and archaeological evidence of a possible pre-Neolithic site in Pantelleria Island, central Mediterranean Sea (in Geology and archaeology; submerged landscapes of the continental shelf, J. Harff (editor), G. Bailey (editor) and F. Luth (editor))
Special Publication - Geological Society of London (September 2014) 411

Abstract

Recent underwater archaeological surveys recovered hundreds of flint artefacts between depths of 18 and 21 m at Cala Tramontana, a small bay located in the eastern part of Pantelleria Island. Most of the flint artefacts indicate debitage, and are characterized by cores and flakes without any specific morphology. Different lithic tools were also identified, such as fragments of blades, truncations, end-scrapers, points and crested blades. An initial hypothesis is that this lithic industry represents the oldest traces of human visitation to the island, possibly related to the exploitation of the nearby obsidian source, and favoured because of the sheltered coastal configuration of Cala Tramontana and Cala Levante with respect to the dominant winds and related storms. However, the present-day coastal setting in the bay is rather inhospitable, with high cliffs and difficult marine access. In contrast, palaeo-landscape reconstructions by means of high-resolution multibeam bathymetry reveal the possible presence of a small palaeo-beach in the inner part of the bay when the sea level was 15 m lower than at present. By comparing this palaeo-sea level with the eustatic curve (and by excluding possible vertical movements), we roughly estimate an age of the lithic industry of 9.6-7.7 cal ka BP.


ISSN: 0305-8719
EISSN: 2041-4927
Coden: GSLSBW
Serial Title: Special Publication - Geological Society of London
Serial Volume: 411
Title: Marine geological and archaeological evidence of a possible pre-Neolithic site in Pantelleria Island, central Mediterranean Sea
Title: Geology and archaeology; submerged landscapes of the continental shelf
Affiliation: Universita degli Studi di Sassari, Sassari, Italy
Published: 20140919
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
Number of pages: 14
References: 44
Accession Number: 2015-007038
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
N36°45'00" - N36°45'00", E12°00'00" - E12°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Pantelleria Ricerche, ITA, ItalyIstituto di Geologia Ambientale e Geoingegneria, ITA, ItalyUniversita di Bologna, ITA, ItalyENEA Casaccia Research Centre, ITA, ItalyUniversita Sapienza, ITA, Italy
Source Note: Online First
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 201504
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