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GEOREF RECORD

Multiple Younger Dryas and Allerod moraines (Sumas Stade) and late Pleistocene Everson glaciomarine drift in the Fraser Lowland

Don J. Easterbrook
Multiple Younger Dryas and Allerod moraines (Sumas Stade) and late Pleistocene Everson glaciomarine drift in the Fraser Lowland (in Trials and tribulations of life on an active subduction zone; field trips in and around Vancouver, Canada, Shahin Dashtgard (editor) and Brent Ward (editor))
Field Guide (Geological Society of America) (October 2014) 38: 79-99

Abstract

As the late Pleistocene Cordilleran Ice Sheet (CIS) retreated from the southern Puget Lowland and thinned rapidly, marine waters invaded the central and northern lowland, floating the residual ice and causing wholesale collapse of the CIS from southern Whidbey Island to southern British Columbia. Massive, poorly sorted Everson glaciomarine drift was deposited contemporaneously over the entire central and northern lowland. More than 160 (super 14) C dates show that the Everson interval began 12,500 (super 14) C yr B.P. and ended 11,700 (super 14) C yr B.P. Numerous marine strandlines record the drop in relative sea level in the Fraser Lowland from approximately 180 m (600 ft) at the end of the Everson interval to near present sea level. Following emergence of the Fraser Lowland, a lobe of the CIS advanced from the Fraser Canyon near Sumas to Bellingham during the Sumas Stade. As the ice retreated, at least eight end moraines were built successively across the lowland, each marking a position of ice advance or stillstand that records late Pleistocene climatic fluctuations. About 40 new (super 14) C dates indicate that the ages of these moraines span the Inter-Allerod-Younger Dryas intervals between 11,700 and 10,000 (super 14) C yr B.P. The (super 14) C chronology allows correlation of the Sumas moraines with moraines in the Cascade Range, Rocky Mountains, Canada, Scandinavia, the European Alps, New Zealand, South America, and elsewhere. Late in the retreat of the ice, large outburst floods from an ice-dammed lake in British Columbia swept across the Sumas outwash plain, resulting in fluted topography and giant ripples on dune forms.


ISSN: 2333-0937
EISSN: 2333-0945
Serial Title: Field Guide (Geological Society of America)
Serial Volume: 38
Title: Multiple Younger Dryas and Allerod moraines (Sumas Stade) and late Pleistocene Everson glaciomarine drift in the Fraser Lowland
Title: Trials and tribulations of life on an active subduction zone; field trips in and around Vancouver, Canada
Author(s): Easterbrook, Don J.
Author(s): Dashtgard, Shahineditor
Author(s): Ward, Brenteditor
Affiliation: Western Washington University, Department of Geology, Bellingham, WA, United States
Affiliation: Simon Fraser University, Department of Earth Sciences, Burnaby, BC, Canada
Pages: 79-99
Published: 201410
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
References: 29
Accession Number: 2015-001558
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sects., strat. cols., sketch maps
N48°40'00" - N49°00'00", W122°49'60" - W122°10'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201501
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