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Interlayer structure model of tri-hydrated low-charge smectite by X-ray diffraction and Monte Carlo modeling in the Grand Canonical ensemble

Baptiste Dazas, Eric Ferrage, Alfred Delville and Bruno Lanson
Interlayer structure model of tri-hydrated low-charge smectite by X-ray diffraction and Monte Carlo modeling in the Grand Canonical ensemble
American Mineralogist (August 2014) 99 (8-9): 1724-1735

Abstract

The present study aims primarily at refining a structure model for interlayer cations and H (sub 2) O molecules in tri-hydrated (3W) smectite (d (sub 001) = 18-19 Aa). The <2 mu m fraction of the SWy-2 source clay (low-charge montmorillonite) was saturated by Mg (super 2+) , Ca (super 2+) , Ba (super 2+) , or Na (super +) cations, before collection of X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns at 98% relative humidity. Experimental d (sub 001) values derived for the essentially homogeneous 3W hydrates provided volume constraints for Grand Canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations. Computed atomic density distribution of interlayer species were used in turn to calculate XRD intensities of 00l reflections. The agreement between calculated and experimental 00l intensities allowed validating the GCMC results of both interlayer H (sub 2) O content and distribution of interlayer species (cations and H (sub 2) O molecules). Computed atomic density profiles do not correspond to the usual model of three discrete planes of H (sub 2) O molecules but rather exhibit two sharp planes of H (sub 2) O molecules wetting the clay surfaces (at approximately 2.7 Aa from the clay layer surface). Additional H (sub 2) O molecules belong to cation hydration shells or define a poorly organized ensemble filling internal voids. This alternative model suggests that the stability of the 3W hydrate results from the dual interaction of some H (sub 2) O molecules with interlayer cation, through their second hydration shell, and with the 2:1 clay surface. Computed atomic density profiles were approximated to propose an interlayer structure model for 3W smectite. This simplified model includes two sets of two planes (symmetrical relative to the interlayer mid-plane) for H (sub 2) O molecules and one set for interlayer cations. This model allows reproducing experimental XRD patterns for the different samples investigated and thus represents a valid set of parameters for routine quantitative analysis of XRD profiles in an effort to determine smectite reactivity close to water-saturated conditions. Implications of such studies are crucial to provide experimental constraints on the behavior of the main vector of element transfer under conditions common in surficial environments and prevailing in waste repositories. In addition, the present study provides an experimental validation of structure models derived from the widely used ClayFF model, and thus allows its use to predict the fate of water in clayey systems close to water-saturated conditions.


ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Coden: AMMIAY
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 99
Serial Issue: 8-9
Title: Interlayer structure model of tri-hydrated low-charge smectite by X-ray diffraction and Monte Carlo modeling in the Grand Canonical ensemble
Affiliation: University Grenoble Alpes, Institut des Sciences de la Terre, Grenoble, France
Pages: 1724-1735
Published: 201408
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 118
Accession Number: 2014-104716
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 tables
Secondary Affiliation: University Poitiers, FRA, FranceUniversity Orleans, FRA, France
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201452
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