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Hexagonal Na (sub 0.41) [Na (sub 0.125) Mg (sub 0.79) Al (sub 0.085) ] (sub 2) [Al (sub 0.79) Si (sub 0.21) ] (sub 6) O (sub 12) (NAL phase); crystal structure refinement and elasticity

Martha G. Pamato, Alexander Kurnosov, Tiziana Boffa Ballaran, Dmytro M. Trots, Razvan Caracas and Daniel J. Frost
Hexagonal Na (sub 0.41) [Na (sub 0.125) Mg (sub 0.79) Al (sub 0.085) ] (sub 2) [Al (sub 0.79) Si (sub 0.21) ] (sub 6) O (sub 12) (NAL phase); crystal structure refinement and elasticity
American Mineralogist (August 2014) 99 (8-9): 1562-1569

Abstract

At lower mantle conditions, subducted mid oceanic ridge basalts (MORB) will crystallize more than 20 vol% of an aluminum-rich phase, which is referred to generally as the new aluminum (NAL) phase. Given that a significant proportion of the lower mantle may be comprised of subducted crust, the NAL phase may contribute to the bulk elastic properties of the lower mantle. In this study we report for the first time the structure, Raman spectrum and elasticity of single crystals of Na (sub 0.41) [Na (sub 0.125) Mg (sub 0.79) Al (sub 0.085) ] (sub 2) [Al (sub 0.79) Si (sub 0.21) ] (sub 6) O (sub 12) NAL phase, synthesized at 2260 degrees C and 20 GPa. The single-crystal structure refinement of NAL, which is consistent with the space group P6 (sub 3) /m, reveals dynamic disorder of Na atoms along channels within the structure. The elastic tensor was experimentally determined at ambient conditions by Brillouin scattering spectroscopy. The elastic modulii obtained from the Voigt-Reuss-Hill approximation using the elastic constants determined in this study are K (sub S) = 206 GPa and mu = 129 GPa, whereas the isotropic compressional and shear sound velocities are v (sub P) = 9.9 km/s and v (sub S) = 5.8 km/s. The NAL phase is elastically anisotropic, displaying 13.9% compressional and shear wave anisotropy. Elastic constants as well as Raman active modes of NAL have also been calculated using density-functional theory and density-functional perturbation theory.


ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Coden: AMMIAY
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 99
Serial Issue: 8-9
Title: Hexagonal Na (sub 0.41) [Na (sub 0.125) Mg (sub 0.79) Al (sub 0.085) ] (sub 2) [Al (sub 0.79) Si (sub 0.21) ] (sub 6) O (sub 12) (NAL phase); crystal structure refinement and elasticity
Affiliation: Universitaet Bayreuth, Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Bayreuth, Germany
Pages: 1562-1569
Published: 201408
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 47
Accession Number: 2014-104702
Categories: Geophysics of minerals and rocks
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 5 tables
Secondary Affiliation: Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, FRA, France
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201452
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