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Torrecillasite, Na(As,Sb) (sub 4) , a new mineral from the Torrecillas Mine, Iquique Province, Chile; description and crystal structure

A. R. Kampf, B. P. Nash, M. Dini and A. A. Molina Donoso
Torrecillasite, Na(As,Sb) (sub 4) , a new mineral from the Torrecillas Mine, Iquique Province, Chile; description and crystal structure
Mineralogical Magazine (June 2014) 78 (3): 747-755

Abstract

The new mineral torrecillasite (IMA2013-112), Na(as,Sb) (super 3+) (sub 4) , was found at the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile, where it occurs as a secondary alteration phase in association with anhydrite, cinnabar, gypsum, halite, lavendulan, magnesiokoritnigite, marcasite, quartz, pyrite, scorodite, wendwilsonite and other potentially new As-bearing minerals. Torrecillasite occurs as thin colourless prisms up to 0.4 mm long in jack-straw aggregates, as very thin fibres in puff balls and as massive intergrowths of needles. Prisms are elongated on [100] with diamond-shaped cross-section and irregular terminations. Crystals are transparent, with adamantine lustre and white streak. The Mohs hardness is 2 1/2, tenacity is brittle and fracture is irregular. Cleavage on (001) is likely. The calculated density is 4.056 g cm (super -3) . Optically, torrecillasite is biaxial (-) with alpha = 1.800(5), beta = 1.96(1), gamma = 2.03(calc.) (measured in white light). The measured 2V is 62.1(5) degrees , no dispersion or pleochroism were observed, the optical orientation is X = c, Y = b, Z = a. The mineral is very slowly soluble in H (sub 2) O, slowly soluble in dilute HCl and rapidly soluble in concentrated HCl. The empirical formula, determined from electron-microprobe analyses, is (Na (sub 1.03) Mg (sub 0.02) ) (sub Sigma 1.05) (As (sub 3.39) Sb (sub 0.62) ) (sub Sigma 4.01) O (sub 6.07) Cl (sub 0.93) . Torrecillasite is orthorhombic, Pmcn, a = 5.2580(9), b = 8.0620(13), c = 18.654(3) Aa, V = 790.7(2) Aa (super 3) and Z = 4. The eight strongest X-ray powder diffraction lines are [d (sub obs) Aa(I)(hkl)]: 4.298(33)(111), 4.031(78)(014,020), 3.035(100)(024,122), 2.853(39)(115,123), 2.642(84)(124,200), 2.426(34)(125), 1.8963(32)(225) and 1.8026(29)(0.1.10,233). The structure, refined to R (sub 1) = 4.06% for 814 F (sub o) >4sigma F reflections, contains a neutral, wavy As (sub 2) O (sub 3) layer parallel to (001) consisting of As (super 3+) O (sub 3) pyramids that share O atoms to form six-membered rings. Successive layers are flipped relative to one another and successive interlayer regions contain alternately either Na or Cl atoms. Torrecillasite is isostructural with synthetic orthorhombic NaAs (sub 4) O (sub 6) Br.


ISSN: 0026-461X
EISSN: 1471-8022
Coden: MNLMBB
Serial Title: Mineralogical Magazine
Serial Volume: 78
Serial Issue: 3
Title: Torrecillasite, Na(As,Sb) (sub 4) , a new mineral from the Torrecillas Mine, Iquique Province, Chile; description and crystal structure
Affiliation: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Mineral Sciences Department, Los Angeles, CA, United States
Pages: 747-755
Published: 201406
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society, London, United Kingdom
References: 20
Accession Number: 2014-096937
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 6 tables
S29°34'60" - S25°15'00", W71°30'00" - W68°15'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Utah, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201449
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