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Persistent intermediate water warming during cold stadials in the southeastern Nordic seas during the past 65 k.y.

Mohamed M. Ezat, Tine L. Rasmussen and Jeroen Groeneveld
Persistent intermediate water warming during cold stadials in the southeastern Nordic seas during the past 65 k.y.
Geology (Boulder) (June 2014) 42 (8): 663-666

Abstract

In the Nordic seas, conversion of inflowing warm Atlantic surface water to deep cold water through convection is closely linked with climate. During the last glacial period, climate underwent rapid millennial-scale variability known as Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) events, consisting of warm interstadials and cold stadials. Here we present the first benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca-delta (super 18) O record from the Nordic seas in order to reconstruct the ocean circulation on DO time scales. The record confirms that convection similar to modern took place in the Nordic seas during interstadials with cold bottom water temperatures (BWTs) close to modern temperatures. The results show gradual and pronounced BWT increases of 2-5 degrees C during stadials, indicating a stop or near stop in convection. The BWT peaks are followed by an abrupt drop in temperature at the onset of interstadials, indicating the abrupt start of convection and renewed generation of cold deep water. The rise in BWT during stadials confirms earlier interpretations of subsurface inflow of warm Atlantic water below a halocline reaching >1.2 km water depth. The results suggest that warm Atlantic water never ceased to flow into the Nordic seas during the glacial period; inflow at the surface during the Holocene and warm interstadials changed to subsurface and intermediate inflow during cold stadials. Our results suggest that it is the vertical shifts in the position of the warm Atlantic water that cause the abrupt surface warmings.


ISSN: 0091-7613
EISSN: 1943-2682
Coden: GLGYBA
Serial Title: Geology (Boulder)
Serial Volume: 42
Serial Issue: 8
Title: Persistent intermediate water warming during cold stadials in the southeastern Nordic seas during the past 65 k.y.
Affiliation: Arctic University of Norway, Centre for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Environment and Climate, Tromso, Norway
Pages: 663-666
Published: 20140630
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 33
Accession Number: 2014-058216
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: GSA Data Repository item 2014248
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sketch map
N62°49'00" - N62°49'00", W03°52'00" - E03°52'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Bremen, DEU, Germany
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201431
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