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A possible origin of the Hawaiian Islands

J. Tuzo Wilson
A possible origin of the Hawaiian Islands (in John Tuzo Wilson, a man who moved mountains, and his contributions to earth sciences, Ali Polat (editor))
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences = Revue Canadienne des Sciences de la Terre (March 2014) 51 (3): ix-xvi

Abstract

It is noted that different physicists and geologists have in recent years espoused not less than four groups of theories of the physical behavior of the Earth's interior. Recent observations of submarine geology, heat, and rock magnetism have tended to support some form of continental drift rather than the older concept of a rigid earth.The Hawaiian Islands are one of seven, parallel, linear chains of islands and seamounts in the Pacific Ocean of Tertiary to Recent age. Their nature had previously been explained in terms of a series of volcanoes along parallel faults. Horizontal shear motion along these faults was supposed to be extending them southeasterly.The inadequacies of this explanation are pointed out. If there are convection currents in the Pacific region and if the upper parts of these cells move faster than the central parts, sources of lava within the slower moving cores could give rise to linear chains of progressively older volcanic piles such as the Hawaiian Islands. This view is shown to be compatible with seismic observations and age determinations.


ISSN: 0008-4077
EISSN: 1480-3313
Coden: CJESAP
Serial Title: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences = Revue Canadienne des Sciences de la Terre
Serial Volume: 51
Serial Issue: 3
Title: A possible origin of the Hawaiian Islands
Title: John Tuzo Wilson, a man who moved mountains, and his contributions to earth sciences
Author(s): Wilson, J. Tuzo
Author(s): Polat, Alieditor
Affiliation: University of Toronto, Institute of Earth Sciences, Toronto, ON, Canada
Affiliation: University of Windsor, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Windsor, ON, Canada
Pages: ix-xvi
Published: 201403
Text Language: English
Publisher: National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
References: 50
Accession Number: 2014-027273
Categories: Solid-earth geophysics
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Reprinted from Canadian Journal of Physics, Vol. 41, No. 6, p. 863-870, 1963
Illustration Description: illus.
N19°00'00" - N28°30'00", W179°00'00" - W155°00'00"
Country of Publication: Canada
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from Canadian Science Publishing, NRC Research Press, Ottawa, ON, Canada. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201417
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