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Local structure in C2/c clinopyroxenes on the hedenbergite (CaFeSi (sub 2) O (sub 6) )-ferrosilite (Fe (sub 2) Si (sub 2) O (sub 6) ) join; a new interpretation for the Mossbauer spectra of Ca-rich C2/c clinopyroxenes and implications for pyroxene exsolution

Yassir A. Abdu and Frank C. Hawthorne
Local structure in C2/c clinopyroxenes on the hedenbergite (CaFeSi (sub 2) O (sub 6) )-ferrosilite (Fe (sub 2) Si (sub 2) O (sub 6) ) join; a new interpretation for the Mossbauer spectra of Ca-rich C2/c clinopyroxenes and implications for pyroxene exsolution
American Mineralogist (July 2013) 98 (7): 1227-1234

Abstract

Three synthetic Ca-rich clinopyroxenes on the hedenbergite-ferrosilite join, with compositions (Hd (sub 50) Fs (sub 50) ), (Hd (sub 60) Fs (sub 40) ), and (Hd (sub 70) Fs (sub 30) ), were investigated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Mossbauer spectroscopy at room temperature. For all samples, there is no evidence for the presence of phases with symmetry other than C2/c. Structure refinement, using a split-atom model, shows the existence of two different local configurations in the M2 cavity, a hedenbergite-like arrangement and a C2/c clinoferrosilite-like arrangement that are centered by Ca and Fe (super 2+) , respectively. The Mossbauer spectra were analyzed by a quadrupole splitting distribution (QSD) method, and the hyperfine parameters of the QSD fit indicate the presence of Fe (super 2+) in three local environments that are similar to those of Fe (super 2+) at the M1 site in hedenbergite, and the M1 and M2 sites in C2/c clinoferrosilite, in agreement with the structure-refinement results. Our results are consistent with the calculated phase diagram for hedenbergite-ferrosilite, where a miscibility gap and a two-phase field of metastable hedenbergite and metastable pigeonite occur at low temperature. The coexistence of a hedenbergite-like configuration around Ca and a C2/c clinoferrosilite-like configuration around Fe can be considered as a precursor for pyroxene exsolution at low temperature. Our results support previous structure-refinement work on Ca-rich clinopyroxenes along the diopside-enstatite join, and provide a new insight in the interpretation of Mossbauer spectra of Ca-rich C2/c clinopyroxenes.


ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Coden: AMMIAY
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 98
Serial Issue: 7
Title: Local structure in C2/c clinopyroxenes on the hedenbergite (CaFeSi (sub 2) O (sub 6) )-ferrosilite (Fe (sub 2) Si (sub 2) O (sub 6) ) join; a new interpretation for the Mossbauer spectra of Ca-rich C2/c clinopyroxenes and implications for pyroxene exsolution
Affiliation: University of Manitoba, Department of Geological Sciences, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
Pages: 1227-1234
Published: 201307
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 37
Accession Number: 2013-061394
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 6 tables
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201337
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