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The non-marine molluscs of the Plio-Pleistocene Upper Valdarno Basin (Tuscany, central Italy); depositional environments, palaeoecology and biochronology

Daniela Esu and Massimiliano Ghinassi
The non-marine molluscs of the Plio-Pleistocene Upper Valdarno Basin (Tuscany, central Italy); depositional environments, palaeoecology and biochronology
Italian Journal of Geosciences (February 2013) 132 (1): 126-136

Abstract

Since the beginning of the nineteenth century, rich non-marine molluscan faunas have been recognized in the Plio-Pleistocene Upper Valdarno Basin (Tuscany, central Italy). Further research has improved the palaeoecological and biochronological meaning of these faunas, which are often associated with significant Villafranchian vertebrate remains. The Upper Valdarno Basin fill consists of four unconformity-bounded units: Castelnuovo dei Sabbioni, Montevarchi, Fosso Salceto (occurring in the Palazzolo sub-basin) and Torrente Ciuffenna synthems. Rich molluscan assemblages of alluvial and palustrine environment are recorded from the Lower Pleistocene Montevarchi Synthem deposits. Extinct and archaic freshwater gastropods and bivalves characterising the Middle and Upper Villafranchian thermophilous assemblages of intermountain basins of central Italy, such as the Plio-Pleistocene Tiberino Basin, occur. The new record of the extinct genus Neumayria De Stefani, 1877 is reported. A humid-temperate climatic phase is recognized in concomitance with the major expansion of these assemblages in the Upper Valdarno Basin. The fluvial deposits of the Torrente Ciuffenna Synthem, Middle Pleistocene in age, yielded poor mixed assemblages composed of terrestrial and freshwater species. The recorded land species, represented by Pupillidae and Vertiginidae associated with a dry exposed environment, point to an arid or semiarid cool climatic phase.


ISSN: 2038-1719
EISSN: 2038-1727
Coden: BOGIAT
Serial Title: Italian Journal of Geosciences
Serial Volume: 132
Serial Issue: 1
Title: The non-marine molluscs of the Plio-Pleistocene Upper Valdarno Basin (Tuscany, central Italy); depositional environments, palaeoecology and biochronology
Affiliation: Sapienza Universita di Roma, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Rome, Italy
Pages: 126-136
Published: 201302
Text Language: English
Publisher: Societa Geologica Italiana, Rome, Italy
References: 48
Accession Number: 2013-033994
Categories: StratigraphyInvertebrate paleontology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, geol. sketch map
N42°19'60" - N44°19'60", E09°40'00" - E12°25'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Universita di Padova, ITA, Italy
Country of Publication: Italy
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Societa Geologica Italiana. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201321
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