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Yaroshevskite, Cu (sub 9) O (sub 2) (VO (sub 4) ) (sub 4) Cl (sub 2) , a new mineral from the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia

I. V. Pekov, N. V. Zubkova, M. E. Zelenski, V. O. Yapaskurt, Yu. S. Polekhovsky, O. A. Fadeeva and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky
Yaroshevskite, Cu (sub 9) O (sub 2) (VO (sub 4) ) (sub 4) Cl (sub 2) , a new mineral from the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia
Mineralogical Magazine (February 2013) 77 (1): 107-116

Abstract

A new mineral, yaroshevskite, ideally Cu (sub 9) O (sub 2) (VO (sub 4) ) (sub 4) Cl (sub 2) , occurs in sublimates collected from the Yadovitaya fumarole at the Second scoria cone of the Northern Breakthrough of the Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. It is associated with euchlorine, fedotovite, hematite, tenorite, lyonsite, melanothallite, atlasovite, kamchatkite and secondary avdoninite, belloite and chalcanthite. Yaroshevskite forms isolated prismatic crystals, up to 0.1X0.15X0.3 mm in size, on the surface of euchlorine crusts. The mineral is opaque and black, with a reddish black streak and lustre between metallic and adamantine. Yaroshevskite is brittle, no cleavage was observed and the fracture is uneven. The Mohs hardness is approximately 3 and 1/2 (corresponding to a mean VHN micro-indentation hardness of 172 kg mm (super -2) ) and the calculated density is 4.26 g cm (super -3) . In reflected light, yaroshevskite is grey with a weak bluish hue. Pleochroism, internal reflections and bireflectance were not observed. Anisotropy is very weak. The composition (wt.%) determined by electron microprobe is: CuO 61.82, ZnO 0.53, Fe (sub 2) O (sub 3) 0.04, V (sub 2) O (sub 5) 31.07, As (sub 2) O (sub 5) 0.32, MoO (sub 3) 1.56, Cl 6.23, O=Cl (sub 2) -1.41; total 100.16. The empirical formula, calculated on the basis of 20 (O+Cl) anions is (Cu (sub 8.80) Zn (sub 0.07) Fe (sub 0.01) ) (sub Sigma 8.88) (V (sub 3.87) Mo (sub 0.12) As (sub 0.03) ) (sub Sigma 4.02) O (sub 18.01) Cl (sub 1.99) . Yaroshevskite is triclinic, space group P11, a=6.4344(11), b=8.3232(13), c=9.1726(16) Aa, alpha =105.338(14), beta =96.113(14), gamma =107.642(1) degrees , V=442.05(13) Aa (super 3) and Z=1. The nine strongest reflections in the X-ray powder pattern [d (sub obs) in Aa(I)(hkl)] are as follows: 8.65(100)(001); 6.84(83)(0111); 6.01(75)(100); 5.52(60)(1101); 4.965(55)(011); 4.198(67)(11111); 4.055(65)(110); 3.120(55)(021); 2.896(60)(2111,003,2120). The crystal structure was solved by direct methods from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data and refined to R=0.0737. The yaroshevskite structure is unique. It is based on corrugated layers made up of chains of edge-sharing flat squares with central Cu (super 2+) cations [Cu(1), Cu(4) and Cu(5)]; neighbouring chains are connected via groups consisting of three Cu (super 2+) -centred squares [two Cu(3) and Cu(6)]. Neighbouring layers are connected via pairs of Cu(2)O (sub 4) Cl five-coordinate polyhedra and isolated VO (sub 4) tetrahedra. The structure of yaroshevskite can also be considered in terms of oxygen-centred tetrahedra: O(7)Cu (sub 4) tetrahedra are connected via common Cu(4) and Cu(5) vertices to form pyroxene-like chains [O (sub 2) Cu (sub 6) ] (super infinity) . In this context, the structural formula can be written Cu (sub 3) [O (sub 2) Cu (sub 6) ][VO (sub 4) ] (sub 4) Cl (sub 2) . The mineral name honours the Russian geochemist Alexei A. Yaroshevsky (b. 1934) of Moscow State University.


ISSN: 0026-461X
EISSN: 1471-8022
Coden: MNLMBB
Serial Title: Mineralogical Magazine
Serial Volume: 77
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Yaroshevskite, Cu (sub 9) O (sub 2) (VO (sub 4) ) (sub 4) Cl (sub 2) , a new mineral from the Tolbachik Volcano, Kamchatka, Russia
Affiliation: Moscow State University, Faculty of Geology, Moscow, Russian Federation
Pages: 107-116
Published: 201302
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society, London, United Kingdom
References: 27
Accession Number: 2013-025217
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 6 tables
N55°49'02" - N55°49'02", E160°22'02" - E160°22'02"
Secondary Affiliation: Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Experimental Mineralogy, RUS, Russian FederationSaint Petersburg State University, RUS, Russian Federation
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201316
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