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Atlas of alteration textures in volcanic glass from the ocean basins

Martin Fisk and Nicola McLoughlin
Atlas of alteration textures in volcanic glass from the ocean basins
Geosphere (Boulder, CO) (February 2013) 9 (2): 317-341

Abstract

We provide a comprehensive photographic atlas of the intricate alteration features found in glass in igneous rocks from the ocean basins. The samples come from surface and subsurface rocks from oceanic rises and seamounts of the ocean basins and some marginal seas. These textures have previously been termed "bioalteration textures" by those who consider them as potentially biogenic in origin, or as "etch pits" by those who prefer a non-biogenic interpretation. Here, transmitted-light color photomicrographs are provided to illustrate the range of granular and tubular textures as well as their relation to fractures, minerals, vesicles, and multiple episodes of alteration in the same sample. The tubular forms are described using seven morphological characteristics: (1) length and width; (2) density; (3) curvature; (4) roughness; (5) variations in width; (6) branching; and (7) tunnel contents. The photomicrographs are a starting point for understanding the factors that control the formation of the alteration textures, for evaluating the biogenicity of the various forms, for inferring subsurface conditions during alteration, and for making comparisons to similar textures in ancient ophiolites, some of which have been attributed to the earliest life on Earth.


EISSN: 1553-040X
Serial Title: Geosphere (Boulder, CO)
Serial Volume: 9
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Atlas of alteration textures in volcanic glass from the ocean basins
Affiliation: Oregon State University, College of Earth Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Corvallis, OR, United States
Pages: 317-341
Published: 20130205
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
References: 58
Accession Number: 2013-021266
Categories: Igneous and metamorphic petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch map
Secondary Affiliation: University of Bergen, NOR, Norway
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201314
Program Name: ODPOcean Drilling Program
Program Name: DSDPDeep Sea Drilling Project
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