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Glomospira acme during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum; response to CaCO (sub 3) dissolution or to ecological forces?

Gabriela J. Arreguin-Rodriguez, Laia Alegret and Silvia Ortiz
Glomospira acme during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum; response to CaCO (sub 3) dissolution or to ecological forces?
Journal of Foraminiferal Research (January 2013) 43 (1): 40-54

Abstract

The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) event at approximately 55.5 Ma, is characterized by globally elevated temperatures, a negative delta (super 13) C excursion and major biotic changes on land and in the oceans, including the major extinction of deep-sea benthic foraminifera. Increased acidity of the oceans and associated shallowing of the calcite compensation depth led to dissolution of deep-sea carbonates In various ocean basins during the PETM. As a result, the post-extinction benthic foraminiferal assemblages, which were locally dominated by agglutinated taxa such as Glomospira spp IRepmanina charoides, have been traditionally Interpreted as a result of dissolution of calcareous-shelled species. We carried out a thorough bibliographic revision of the post-extinction assemblages In widely distributed land-based sections and marine cores to: 1) document the paleogeographical extent on the so-called "Glomospira acme," 2) compare the characteristics among sites where the acme is present, and 3) assess the paleoenvironmental conditions that could have potentially controlled the occurrence of the Glomospira acme. We recognized the early Eocene (calcareous plankton biozones NP9 and P5) Glomospira acme in the Tethys and along the eastern margin of the North Atlantic Ocean. The comparison of the sedimentological and paleoenvironmental evolution across the PETM in these areas led us to conclude that the proliferation of Glomospira spp.IR. charoides may have been related not only to CaCO (sub 3) dissolution, but also to the pulsed input of siliciclastic material resulting from continental erosion or gravitational fluxes. Increased terrestrial runoff in nearshore-marine sediments is consistent with an enhanced hydrological regime or higher seasonality or episodicity, as previously proposed for the PETM, and with the paleogeographical distribution of the continental margins and slopes In the Tethys and northeast Atlantic region, where the Glomospira acme has been recorded. As a result of the increased siliciclastic Input, low-quality refractory organic matter would be transported to the seafloor, allowing the rapid proliferation of Glomospira spp.IR charoides.


ISSN: 0096-1191
EISSN: 1943-264X
Coden: JFARAH
Serial Title: Journal of Foraminiferal Research
Serial Volume: 43
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Glomospira acme during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum; response to CaCO (sub 3) dissolution or to ecological forces?
Affiliation: Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Saragossa, Spain
Pages: 40-54
Published: 201301
Text Language: English
Publisher: Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Ithaca, NY, United States
References: 99
Accession Number: 2013-018357
Categories: Stratigraphy
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table
S11°32'16" - S11°32'15", W78°56'35" - W78°56'34"
S58°26'27" - S58°26'27", E78°58'53" - E78°58'54"
N32°38'60" - N32°40'00", E158°30'00" - E158°31'00"
N56°05'19" - N56°05'20", W23°20'37" - W23°20'36"
Secondary Affiliation: Universidad del Pais Vasco, ESP, Spain
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201312
Program Name: ODPOcean Drilling Program
Program Name: DSDPDeep Sea Drilling Project
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