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Rare earth elements; minerals, mines, magnets (and more)

Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Frances Wall
Rare earth elements; minerals, mines, magnets (and more)
Elements (October 2012) 8 (5): 333-340

Abstract

The rare earth elements (REEs) are all around us, not only in nature but in our everyday lives. They are in every car, computer, smartphone, energy-efficient fluorescent lamp, and color TV, as well as in lasers, lenses, ceramics, and more. Scientific applications of these elements range from tracing the provenance of magmas and sediments to studying body structures with magnetic resonance imaging. The realization that we need rare earths for so many applications, but that their supply is effectively restricted to several mining districts in China, has brought these elements to the headlines and created a critical-metals agenda. Here we introduce the REE family: their properties, minerals, practical uses, and deposits. Potential sources of these elements are diverse and abundant if we can overcome the technical challenges of rare earth mining and extraction in an environmentally and socially responsible way.


ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 8
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Rare earth elements; minerals, mines, magnets (and more)
Affiliation: University of Manitoba, Department of Geological Sciences, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
Pages: 333-340
Published: 201210
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 39
Accession Number: 2012-101376
Categories: Economic geology, geology of ore deposits
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table
N20°00'00" - N53°00'00", E74°00'00" - E135°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Exeter, GBR, United Kingdom
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America
Update Code: 201252
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