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Ferriallanite-(La), a new member of the epidote supergroup from the Eifel, Germany

Uwe Kolitsch, Stuart J. Mills, Ritsuro Miyawaki and Guenter Blass
Ferriallanite-(La), a new member of the epidote supergroup from the Eifel, Germany
European Journal of Mineralogy (August 2012) 24 (4): 741-747


The new mineral ferriallanite-(La) (IMA 2010-066), ideally CaLaFe (super 3+) AlFe (super 2+) (SiO (sub 4) )(Si (sub 2) O (sub 7) )O(OH), is a member of the epidote supergroup and the La analogue of ferriallanite-(Ce). It occurs as a single, thick, tabular {100} crystal (2 mm in its longest dimension) in a void of a sanidinite xenolith found in the In den Dellen pumice quarries, Niedermendig, Mendig, Laach Lake volcanic complex, Eifel Mountains, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Ferriallanite-(La) is associated with sanidine, minor "biotite", magnetite, nosean (grey, rounded grains) and trace amounts of dark green clinopyroxene. It is black, translucent in very thin splinters, with a brown streak, vitreous lustre, no cleavage, irregular to conchoidal fracture, Mohs hardness of ca. 6, D (sub calc.) =4.208 g cm (super -3) (for empirical formula) and D (sub x) =4.099 g cm (super -3) . Optically, it is biaxial negative, with alpha =1.791(5), beta =1.827(6), gamma =1.845(5) (white light), 2V (sub alpha ) (calc.)=69 degrees . The mineral is non-fluorescent and shows strong pleochroism, X=pale brownish, Y=greyish brown, Z=dark red-brown; absorption Z>Y>>X, orientation unknown. Dispersion is weak and the sign could not be determined. Electron microprobe analysis yielded the empirical formula (based on 12 O atoms and 1 OH group pfu): Ca (sub 0.98) (La (sub 0.47) Ce (sub 0.41) Th (sub 0.08) Nd (sub 0.02) Pr (sub 0.02) ) (sub Sigma 1.00) (Fe (super 3+) (sub 0.81) Al (sub 0.14) ) (sub Sigma 0.95) Al (sub 1.00) (Fe (super 2+) (sub 0.47) Mn (sub 0.28) Ti (sub 0.16) Mg (sub 0.05) ) (sub Sigma 0.96) [(Si (sub 0.93) Al (sub 0.05) ) (sub Sigma 0.98) O (sub 4) ](Si (sub 2) O (sub 7) )O(OH). Ferriallanite-(La) is monoclinic, space group P2 (sub 1) /m, with a=8.938(2), b=5.789(1), c=10.153(2)Aa, beta =114.54(3) degrees , V=477.88(6)Aa (super 3) (single-crystal data) and Z=2. Strongest eight lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern are [d in Aa(I) hkl]: 9.22 (19) 001; 7.96 (34) 101; 3.53 (38) 211; 2.92 (100) 302, 113; 2.72 (50) 120, 013; 2.63 (36) 311; 2.16 (17) 221 and 1.639 (34) 106, 424. A single-crystal X-ray structure refinement [R1(F)=0.0150] and a derivation of the M3 site population from the chemical-analytical data yielded the formula (super A1) Ca (sub 1.00) (super A2) (La (sub 0.49) Ce (sub 0.42) Ca (sub 0.09) ) (super M1) (Fe (sub 0.58) Al (sub 0.42) ) (super M2) (Al (sub 0.94) Fe (sub 0.06) ) (super M3) (Fe (sub 0.49) Mn (sub 0.29) Ti (sub 0.17) Mg (sub 0.05) ) (sub Sigma 1.00) (SiO (sub 4) )(Si (sub 2) O (sub 7) )O(OH), in reasonably good agreement with the electron microprobe data. The site refinements clearly show that there is some minor Fe at the M2 site, in contrast to the formula calculated using currently recommended methods for members of the epidote supergroup.

ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 24
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Ferriallanite-(La), a new member of the epidote supergroup from the Eifel, Germany
Affiliation: Naturhistorisches Museum, Mineralogisch-Petrographische Abteilung, Vienna, Austria
Pages: 741-747
Published: 201208
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Germany
References: 22
Accession Number: 2012-073271
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 6 tables
N50°23'41" - N50°23'41", E07°17'13" - E07°17'13"
Secondary Affiliation: Museum Victoria, AUS, AustraliaNational Museum of Science and Nature, JPN, Japan
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201238
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