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Shock metamorphism of minerals

Falko Langenhorst and Alex Deutsch
Shock metamorphism of minerals
Elements (February 2012) 8 (1): 31-36


The hypervelocity impact of extraterrestrial objects causes unequivocal changes in the target due to extreme deformation rates, pressures up to hundreds of gigapascals, and postshock temperatures that may even vaporize silicates. This article introduces the basic principles of shock compression, as required to understand the formation and geological significance of shock-metamorphic effects in minerals. Special emphasis is placed on the formation of high-pressure phases such as stishovite and diamond as well as on the decomposition of carbonates.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 8
Serial Issue: 1
Title: Shock metamorphism of minerals
Affiliation: Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena, Institut fuer Geowissenschaften, Jena, Germany
Pages: 31-36
Published: 201202
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 34
Accession Number: 2012-052089
Categories: Igneous and metamorphic petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, DEU, Germany
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201227
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