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Motives, methods, and essential preparation for planetary field geology on the Moon and Mars

H. H. Schmitt, A. W. Snoke, M. A. Helper, J. M. Hurtado, Kip V. Hodges and J. W. Rice
Motives, methods, and essential preparation for planetary field geology on the Moon and Mars (in Analogs for planetary exploration, W. Brent Garry (editor) and Jacob E. Bleacher (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (2011) 483: 1-15

Abstract

Future lunar exploration will provide opportunities to expand the human scientific exploration of the Moon and, eventually, Mars. Planning for renewed field exploration of the Moon entails the selection, training, and capabilities of explorers; selection of landing sites; and adoption of an operational approach to extravehicular activity. Apollo program geological exploration, and subsequent analysis and interpretation of findings and collected samples underpin our current understanding of lunar origin and history. That understanding continues to provide new and important insights into the early histories of Earth and other bodies in the solar system, particularly during the period when life formed and began to evolve on Earth and possibly on Mars. Specific new lunar exploration objectives include: (1) testing the consensus "giant impact" hypothesis for the origin of the Moon; (2) testing the consensus impact "cataclysm" hypothesis; (3) determining the temporal flux of large impacts in the inner solar system; and (4) investigating the internal structure of the Moon. Apollo samples also identified significant and potentially commercial lunar resources that could help satisfy future demand for both terrestrial energy alternatives and space consumables. Equipment necessary for successful exploration includes that required for sampling, sample documentation and preservation, communications, mobility, and position knowledge. Easily used active geophysical, portable geochemical, and in situ petrographic equipment can greatly enhance the scientific and operational returns of extended exploration compared to that possible during the Apollo program.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 483
Title: Motives, methods, and essential preparation for planetary field geology on the Moon and Mars
Title: Analogs for planetary exploration
Author(s): Schmitt, H. H.Snoke, A. W.Helper, M. A.Hurtado, J. M.Hodges, Kip V.Rice, J. W., Jr.
Author(s): Garry, W. Brenteditor
Author(s): Bleacher, Jacob E.editor
Affiliation: University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, United States
Affiliation: Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ, United States
Pages: 1-15
Published: 2011
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 37
Accession Number: 2012-041750
Categories: Extraterrestrial geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: Includes appendices
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, USA, United StatesUniversity of Wyoming, USA, United StatesUniversity of Texas at Austin, USA, United StatesUniversity of Texas at El Paso, USA, United StatesArizona State University, USA, United StatesNASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201222
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