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Reservoir stress path characterization and its implications for fluid flow production simulations

J. M. Segura, Q. J. Fisher, A. J. L. Crook, M. Dutko, J. G. Yu, S. Skachkov, D. A. Angus, J. P. Verdon and J. M. Kendall
Reservoir stress path characterization and its implications for fluid flow production simulations
Petroleum Geoscience (November 2011) 17 (4): 335-344

Abstract

The reduction of fluid pressure during reservoir production promotes changes in the effective and total stress distribution within the reservoir and the surrounding strata. This stress evolution is responsible for many problems encountered during production (e.g., fault reactivation, casing deformation). This work presents the results of an extensive series of 3D numerical hydro-mechanical coupled analyses that study the influence of reservoir geometry and material properties on the reservoir stress path. The stress path is defined in terms of parameters that quantify the amount of stress arching and stress anisotropy that occur during reservoir production. The coupled simulations are performed by explicitly coupling independent commercial geomechanical and flow simulators. It is shown that stress arching is important in reservoirs with low aspect ratios that are less stiff than the bounding material. In such cases, the stresses will not significantly evolve in the reservoir, and stress evolution occurs in the over- and sideburden. Stiff reservoirs, relative to the bounding rock, exhibit negligible stress arching regardless of the geometry. Stress anisotropy reduces with reduction of the Young's modulus of the bounding material, especially for low aspect ratio reservoirs, but as the reservoir extends in either or both of the horizontal directions, the reservoir deforms uniaxially and the horizontal stress evolution is governed by the Poisson's ratio of the reservoir. Furthermore, the effect of the stress path parameters is introduced in the calculation of pore volume multiplier tables to improve non-coupled simulations, which otherwise overestimate the average reservoir pore pressure drawdown when stress arching is taking place.


ISSN: 1354-0793
EISSN: 2041-496X
Serial Title: Petroleum Geoscience
Serial Volume: 17
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Reservoir stress path characterization and its implications for fluid flow production simulations
Affiliation: University of Leeds, Centre for Integrated Petroleum Engineering and Geosciences, Leeds, United Kingdom
Pages: 335-344
Published: 201111
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House for EAGE (European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers), London, United Kingdom
References: 157
Accession Number: 2011-103550
Categories: Economic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: Rockfield Software, GBR, United KingdomUniversity of Bristol, GBR, United Kingdom
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 201152
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