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Prediction of lithofacies and reservoir quality using well logs, Late Cretaceous Williams Fork Formation, Mamm Creek Field, Piceance Basin, Colorado

Aysen Ozkan, Stephen P. Cumella, Kitty L. Milliken and Stephen E. Laubach
Prediction of lithofacies and reservoir quality using well logs, Late Cretaceous Williams Fork Formation, Mamm Creek Field, Piceance Basin, Colorado
AAPG Bulletin (October 2011) 95 (10): 1699-1723

Abstract

Understanding the controls and distribution of reservoir quality is important for the economic success of tight-gas reservoirs in which diagenesis interacts with primary depositional variations in environment and texture to exert a strong control on pore networks, rock mechanical properties, and natural fractures. In the Upper Cretaceous Williams Fork Formation of the Piceance Basin, framework grain composition is a major control on compaction and the occurrence of authigenic phases. Alteration of volcanic grains in the upper Williams Fork led to grain-coating clay precipitation. Ferroan dolomite cement is found only in the deeper marine-influenced intervals in which dolostone fragments are present. This study shows that careful petrographic assessment of lithofacies heterogeneity can be upscaled by correlation with log properties to yield tools for field-scale reservoir quality prediction. Twelve lithofacies are identified based on sand-grain populations, cement types, and clay matrix content. Sandstones of the highest reservoir quality are those with grain-coating clays that inhibit quartz cementation; these sandstones can be identified based on high-density porosity log values. Sandstones with the poorest reservoir qualities are tightly cemented with carbonate and quartz cement or are rich in clay matrix. Carbonate-cemented intervals are identified by low-density porosity. Clay matrix-rich samples have high gamma-ray and low-density porosity values. The presence of abundant potassium feldspar in the upper intervals results in high gamma-ray readings even in the clean (clay matrix-free) sandstone.


ISSN: 0149-1423
EISSN: 1558-9153
Coden: AABUD2
Serial Title: AAPG Bulletin
Serial Volume: 95
Serial Issue: 10
Title: Prediction of lithofacies and reservoir quality using well logs, Late Cretaceous Williams Fork Formation, Mamm Creek Field, Piceance Basin, Colorado
Affiliation: University of Texas at Austin, Department of Geological Sciences, Austin, TX, United States
Pages: 1699-1723
Published: 201110
Text Language: English
Publisher: American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 37
Accession Number: 2011-091628
Categories: Sedimentary petrologyEconomic geology, geology of energy sources
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 4 tables, sketch map
N39°21'00" - N40°04'60", W109°04'00" - W107°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Bill Barrett Corporation, USA, United StatesBureau of Economic Geology, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 201149
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