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Rolling stones; understanding river-rolled Paleolithic artifact assemblages

Robert T. Hosfield
Rolling stones; understanding river-rolled Paleolithic artifact assemblages (in Geoarchaeology, climate change, and sustainability, Antony G. Brown, Laura S. Basell and Karl W. Butzer)
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (April 2011) 476: 37-52

Abstract

Key geoarchaeological factors are explored with reference to the formation and potential preservation and/or loss of early Paleolithic artifact assemblages within Pleistocene fluvial deposits. The importance of these assemblages concerns the uniquely long-term perspectives that they offer to the study of early hominin occupation histories and landscape use. The factors explored (river type, bedrock type, the chronology and cycles of fluvial activity, and confluence activity) build upon the previous work of D. R. Bridgland, and A. J. Howard and M. G. Macklin with regard to terrace formation, preservation, and other fluvial activity. Particular emphasis is placed upon short-term fluvial activity (the context for assemblage formation) and the long-term potential for preservation and erosion of fluvial terraces and their archaeological contents. Case study examples are presented for the Solent River and the River Axe on the British south coast, exploring geoarchaeological issues within the context of understanding assemblage taphonomy and hominin behavior at local and regional scales. The paper concludes by assessing the potential and limitations of the approaches outlined.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 476
Title: Rolling stones; understanding river-rolled Paleolithic artifact assemblages
Title: Geoarchaeology, climate change, and sustainability
Author(s): Hosfield, Robert T.
Author(s): Brown, Antony G.
Author(s): Basell, Laura S.
Author(s): Butzer, Karl W.
Affiliation: University of Reading, Department of Archaeology, School of Human & Environmental Sciences, Reading, United Kingdom
Affiliation: Palaeoecology Laboratory University of Southampton, School of Geography, Southampton, United Kingdom
Pages: 37-52
Published: 201104
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 9780813724768
Meeting name: Geoarchaeology 2006
Meeting location: Exeter, GBR, United Kingdom
Meeting date: 20060910Sept. 10-13, 2006
References: 95
Accession Number: 2011-062840
Categories: Quaternary geology
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, geol. sketch maps
N50°42'00" - N50°52'00", W03°07'60" - W02°45'00"
N51°16'00" - N51°52'00", W02°01'00" - E00°25'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Texas at Austin, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201135
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