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Cranswickite MgSO (sub 4) .4H (sub 2) O, a new mineral from Calingasta, Argentina

Ronald C. Peterson
Cranswickite MgSO (sub 4) .4H (sub 2) O, a new mineral from Calingasta, Argentina
American Mineralogist (May 2011) 96 (5-6): 869-877


Cranswickite is a newly recognized mineral of composition MgSO (sub 4) .4H (sub 2) O from Calingasta, San Juan Province, Argentina (IMA2010-016). Cranswickite is monoclinic, space group C2/c, a=11.9236(3), b=5.1736(1), c=12.1958(3) Aa, beta =117.548(2) degrees , V=667.0(1) Aa (super 3) , Z=4, d (sub obs) =1.917 g/cm (super 3) , and d (sub calc) =1.918 g/cm (super 3) . The mineral occurs as a soft white vein filling in a metasedimentary rock. The atomic structure has been determined by direct methods and refined by Rietveld analysis of powder diffraction data. The atomic structure consists of chains of corner-sharing magnesium-containing octahedra and sulfate tetrahedra similar to the structure of pentahydrite. All the water molecules directly coordinate magnesium in the structure. The five strongest lines in the powder X-ray diffraction data are [d (sub obs) in angstroms (I) (hkl)]: 5.259 (100) (200), 3.927 (46) (112), 3.168 (45) (113), 4.603 (29) (111), 2.570 (23) (311). Infrared and Raman spectra are very similar to the spectra measured from starkeyite. The chemical composition of cranswickite is the same as starkeyite MgSO (sub 4) .4H (sub 2) O, but starkeyite has an atomic structure where two sulfate tetrahedra and two Mg(H (sub 2) O) (sub 6) octahedra share corners to form a four-membered ring and not a chain as in cranswickite. The new mineral is named in honor of Lachlan M. D. Cranswick (1968-2010), an Australian crystallographer who helped to developed and maintain the Collaborative Computational Project No. 14 in Powder and Small Molecule Single Crystal Diffraction (CCP14).

ISSN: 0003-004X
EISSN: 1945-3027
Serial Title: American Mineralogist
Serial Volume: 96
Serial Issue: 5-6
Title: Cranswickite MgSO (sub 4) .4H (sub 2) O, a new mineral from Calingasta, Argentina
Author(s): Peterson, Ronald C.
Affiliation: Queen's University, Department of Geological Sciences and Geological Engineering, Kingston, ON, Canada
Pages: 869-877
Published: 201105
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, DC, United States
References: 34
Accession Number: 2011-048415
Categories: Mineralogy of non-silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 8 tables
S32°00'00" - S28°30'00", W70°30'00" - W67°00'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 201127
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