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Archaeoseismological studies at the temple of Amenhotep III, Luxor, Egypt

Arkadi Karakhanyan, Ara Avagyan and Hourig Sourouzian
Archaeoseismological studies at the temple of Amenhotep III, Luxor, Egypt (in Ancient earthquakes, Manuel Sintubin (editor), Iain S. Stewart (editor), Tina M. Niemi (editor) and Erhan Altunel (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (2010) 471: 199-222


Our studies in the temple of Amenhotep III, conducted under the project on Excavation and Conservation at Kom el-Hettan, provide new information about the seismic history of ancient Thebes. Distinct signs of liquefaction are revealed at the temple site. Trenches exhibit sand dikes and sills that formed extension cracks through the mechanism of lateral spreading. Clear effects of liquefaction by lateral spreading were discovered in other monuments on the west bank of the Nile. Application of historical, archaeological, and geological methods enables us to constrain the time of the earthquake responsible for the damage in the west bank temples to between 1200 and 901 B.C.. Furthermore, we find no signs of an earthquake in 27 B.C.. The foot of the Thebes Plateau may conceal a basement fault with combined vertical and horizontal slip kinematics. The fault located to the southeast, near an ancient sanctuary, may correspond to either seismogenic fault surface rupture, or a secondary seismic effect manifested as subordinate rupture and ground failure.

ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 471
Title: Archaeoseismological studies at the temple of Amenhotep III, Luxor, Egypt
Title: Ancient earthquakes
Author(s): Karakhanyan, ArkadiAvagyan, AraSourouzian, Hourig
Author(s): Sintubin, Manueleditor
Author(s): Stewart, Iain S.editor
Author(s): Niemi, Tina M.editor
Author(s): Altunel, Erhaneditor
Affiliation: National Academy of Sciences of Armenia, Institute of Geological Sciences, Yerevan, Armenia
Affiliation: Katholieke Univesiteit Leuven, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Leuven, Belgium
Pages: 199-222
Published: 2010
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 54
Accession Number: 2011-015771
Categories: Quaternary geologySeismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch maps
N22°00'00" - N32°00'00", E25°00'00" - E35°30'00"
N22°00'00" - N31°00'00", E31°00'00" - E37°00'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Plymouth, GBR, United KingdomUniversity of Missouri-Kansas City, USA, United StatesEskisehir Osmangazi University, TUR, TurkeyGEORISK Scientific Research Company, ARM, ArmeniaGerman Institute of Archaeology, EGY, Egypt
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201110
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