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The impact of the 1157 and 1170 Syrian earthquakes on Crusader-Muslim politics and military affairs

Kate Raphael
The impact of the 1157 and 1170 Syrian earthquakes on Crusader-Muslim politics and military affairs (in Ancient earthquakes, Manuel Sintubin (editor), Iain S. Stewart (editor), Tina M. Niemi (editor) and Erhan Altunel (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (2010) 471: 59-66

Abstract

This paper examines the development of a crisis over a critical military-security issue raised by the severe earthquakes that destroyed defensive structures throughout Nur al-Din's Sultanate of Syria, the Crusader Principality of Antioch, and the County of Tripoli. The earthquakes that struck Syria in 1157 and 1170 are well documented by contemporary historians. The accounts of destruction concentrate on the collapse of many fortresses and town walls. This circumstance strongly influenced regional politics and military affairs. While the first earthquake led to an increase in tension and a rise in violence between the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Muslim Sultanate in Syria, the destruction wrought by the 1170 earthquake forced the two sides to accept a formal peace treaty. The two case studies presented here examine the impact of earthquake destruction on decision makers in the complex international arena of Medieval Syria.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 471
Title: The impact of the 1157 and 1170 Syrian earthquakes on Crusader-Muslim politics and military affairs
Title: Ancient earthquakes
Author(s): Raphael, Kate
Author(s): Sintubin, Manueleditor
Author(s): Stewart, Iain S.editor
Author(s): Niemi, Tina M.editor
Author(s): Altunel, Erhaneditor
Affiliation: Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Institute of Earth and Sciences, Jerusalem, Israel
Affiliation: Katholieke Univesiteit Leuven, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Leuven, Belgium
Pages: 59-66
Published: 2010
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 24
Accession Number: 2011-015760
Categories: Quaternary geologySeismology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, sketch maps
N31°46'60" - N31°46'60", E35°13'60" - E35°13'60"
N32°30'00" - N37°15'00", E35°30'00" - E42°30'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Plymouth, GBR, United KingdomUniversity of Missouri-Kansas City, USA, United StatesEskisehir Osmangazi University, TUR, Turkey
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201110
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