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(super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar and paleomagnetic constraints on the evolution of Volcan de Santa Maria, Guatemala

Ruediger P. Escobar-Wolf, Jimmy F. Diehl, Brad S. Singer and William I. Rose
(super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar and paleomagnetic constraints on the evolution of Volcan de Santa Maria, Guatemala
Geological Society of America Bulletin (May 2010) 122 (5-6): 757-771


(super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar dating of 15 lava flows indicates that Volcan de Santa Maria grew episodically to 8 km (super 3) in size at an average rate of 0.12 km (super 3) /ka between 103 and 35 ka. The composite cone grew in four phases, including two periods of intense activity at ca. 72 ka and ca. 35 ka, during which 1.5 km (super 3) and 3 km (super 3) of basaltic to andesitic magmas were erupted. There is no evidence of further volcanism after ca. 35 ka until the great dacitic eruption in 1902. The average eruptive rate is 0.16 km (super 3) /ka, if products of the 1902 eruption and subsequent Santiaguito dome are included. Whereas the Mono Lake excursion is not clearly recorded at Volcan de Santa Maria, as had been inferred from earlier studies, virtual geomagnetic poles (VGPs) of the 35 ka cone-forming lavas exhibit high-amplitude paleosecular variation that may correspond in time to the Mono Lake excursion. Two older packages of lava flows are each associated with a distinctive cluster of VGPs, which supports the (super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar age model and the conclusion that cone building was episodic. During the final 60% of cone growth, lavas evolved from basaltic to andesitic (51%-57% SiO (sub 2) ) with time, but with a regression to slightly less evolved compositions during the onset of the final cone-building phase. Despite the relatively small volume of Santa Maria, cone-growth processes and geochemical evolution through time mirror observations at other currently active volcanoes along the Central American volcanic arc, and may prove useful as an analogy in assessing long-term hazards posed by other predominantly basaltic-andesitic composite volcanoes.

ISSN: 0016-7606
EISSN: 1943-2674
Serial Title: Geological Society of America Bulletin
Serial Volume: 122
Serial Issue: 5-6
Title: (super 40) Ar/ (super 39) Ar and paleomagnetic constraints on the evolution of Volcan de Santa Maria, Guatemala
Affiliation: Michigan Technological University, Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, Houghton, MI, United States
Pages: 757-771
Published: 201005
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 71
Accession Number: 2010-041908
Categories: Quaternary geologyGeochronology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Annotation: With GSA Data Repository Item 2010018
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, geol. sketch map
N14°41'60" - N14°49'60", W91°37'00" - W91°30'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2019, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 201023
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