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Accommodation zones and tectono-stratigraphy of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt; a contribution from aeromagnetic analysis

Khamis Farhoud
Accommodation zones and tectono-stratigraphy of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt; a contribution from aeromagnetic analysis
GeoArabia (Manama) (2009) 14 (4): 139-162

Abstract

This paper starts with an up-to-date literature review of the pre-rift, syn-rift and post-rift stratigraphy of the Gulf of Suez. The geometry and depth of the Proterozoic basement is not generally known due to poor seismic images below the Upper Miocene evaporites (including massive rock salt) and clastics. The pre-rift Paleozoic to Early Oligocene succession shows that several local basins (c. 10s of km in extent) occur in the Gulf, with thick sedimentary sections (e.g. c. 3,000 m for Paleozoic and 1,000 m for Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous). The origin and distribution of these basins is not well understood and the presence of similar pre-rift basins in the southern Gulf is not known to occur. The syn-rift Late Oligocene to Middle Miocene and post-rift Late Miocene - Pliocene successions are widely distributed within the rift basin and reach a thickness in excess of 5,000 m. In order to visualize the grain and relative relief of the Proterozoic basement, a series of aeromagnetic images are shown in this paper. The images include Total Magnetic Intensity (TMI), Reduced-to-Pole (RTP), filtered regional and structural RTP, and Second Vertical Derivative (SVD). The paper also shows a three-dimensional visualization image of the magnetic basement that highlights the distribution of the basins in the Gulf. The magnetic lows do not generally trend along the Suez (NNW-trending Clysmic) Fault, but instead show highly variable orientations attributed to a complex pattern of criss-crossing faults. In particular, two areas were selected to interpret the geometry and depth of the basement. The first area covered the northern Zaafarana Accommodation Zone and involved modeling five aeromagnetic profiles. The Zone was interpreted as an EW-trending basement plateau bounded by basins that are c. 8,000 m deep. The second modeled area (four profiles) covered the southern Morgan Accommodation Zone. This zone was interpreted as an ENE-trending plateau of similar relief to the Zaafarana Zone. The Morgan Zone is terminated in the eastern Gulf by the 8,000-m-deep Morgan Basin. The very deep basins surrounding the two plateaus may contain both pre-rift and syn-rift source rocks, from which the numerous surrounding petroleum fields were sourced.


ISSN: 1025-6059
Serial Title: GeoArabia (Manama)
Serial Volume: 14
Serial Issue: 4
Title: Accommodation zones and tectono-stratigraphy of the Gulf of Suez, Egypt; a contribution from aeromagnetic analysis
Author(s): Farhoud, Khamis
Affiliation: Edison International, Egypt
Pages: 139-162
Published: 2009
Text Language: English
Publisher: Gulf Petrolink in Bahrain, Manama, Bahrain
References: 48
Accession Number: 2010-019013
Categories: Structural geologyApplied geophysics
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sketch maps
N28°00'00" - N29°30'00", E32°30'00" - E33°19'60"
Country of Publication: Bahrain
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 201012
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