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Quantifying the impacts of early diagenetic aragonite dissolution on the fossil record

Lesley Cherns and V. Paul Wright
Quantifying the impacts of early diagenetic aragonite dissolution on the fossil record
Palaios (November 2009) 24 (11): 756-771

Abstract

Quantitative analysis of rare skeletal Lagerstatten of Paleozoic-early Mesozoic ages indicates that early dissolution of aragonite has seriously skewed community structures. The consequences of this widespread diagenetic process effectively preclude accurate interpretation and reconstruction of many fossil faunas in shelf settings. Trophic and ecologic loss focuses on the shallow infaunal tier of burrowing bivalves and the epifaunal vagrant detritus-feeding tier represented by gastropods. Case studies of the Ordovician-Carboniferous suggest that sequences with apparently typical Sepkoski Paleozoic faunas dominated by brachiopods were originally molluscan-dominated and included significant infaunal components. Early Mesozoic faunas dominated by epifaunal and semi-infaunal bivalves are similarly severely skewed by loss of ecologic diversity. Molluscan biodiversity appears more strongly affected in Paleozoic times. Such lower-energy environments as lagoons and mid-to-outer carbonate ramp settings are especially prone to dissolution loss. It is perhaps important to question for such faunas whether trophic tiers are reduced or missing.


ISSN: 0883-1351
Serial Title: Palaios
Serial Volume: 24
Serial Issue: 11
Title: Quantifying the impacts of early diagenetic aragonite dissolution on the fossil record
Affiliation: Cardiff University, School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, Cardiff, United Kingdom
Pages: 756-771
Published: 200911
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 126
Accession Number: 2009-098234
Categories: Invertebrate paleontology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables, strat. cols.
N51°19'60" - N52°25'00", W05°30'00" - W02°40'00"
N36°30'00" - N39°10'00", W89°40'00" - W82°00'00"
S44°00'00" - S10°00'00", E113°00'00" - E154°00'00"
N50°00'00" - N55°45'00", W06°30'00" - E01°30'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 200952
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