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GEOREF RECORD

From alchemy to science; the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment in Spanish American mining and metallurgy

Joaquin Perez Melero
From alchemy to science; the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment in Spanish American mining and metallurgy (in The revolution in geology from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment, Gary D. Rosenberg (editor))
Memoir - Geological Society of America (2009) 203: 51-61

Abstract

The time between 1640, when Alvaro Alonso Barba published his Arte de los metales (Art of Metals), and 1761, when Francisco Xavier de Gamboa published his Comentarios a las ordenanzas de minas (Commentaries on Mining Ordinances), was a transitional period in which scientific mining and metallurgical knowledge in Spanish America became operative and practical and replaced the long-standing Spanish (and European) medieval tradition of the theory of minerals and metals. Barba was the last representative of this tradition, inheriting the complex world of the classical writers, the medieval alchemists, the first news from the new American lodes, and the first steps of the Scientific Revolution. On the contrary, Gamboa did not worry about classical and medieval theories, nor did he worry about the problem of metal generation. He was concerned only about the most effective system with which to profit from mining using all the paraphernalia that the science and experience of two worlds could furnish. Both handbooks, very successful in their respective times, show clearly two different approaches to the principal question: how to best manage, from two such different perspectives, the American treasures.


ISSN: 0072-1069
Coden: GSAMAQ
Serial Title: Memoir - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 203
Title: From alchemy to science; the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment in Spanish American mining and metallurgy
Title: The revolution in geology from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment
Author(s): Melero, Joaquin Perez
Author(s): Rosenberg, Gary D.editor
Affiliation: Universidad de Valladolid, Instituto Universitario de Historia Simancas, Valladolid, Spain
Affiliation: Indiana University-Purdue University, Department of Earth Sciences, Indianapolis, IN, United States
Pages: 51-61
Published: 2009
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 978-0-8137-1203-1
Meeting name: Geological Society of America, 2006 annual meeting, symposium on From the scientific revolution to the enlightenment; emergence of modern geology and evolutionary thought from the 16th to the 18th century
Meeting location: Philadelphia, PA, USA, United States
Meeting date: 20061022Oct. 22-25, 2006
References: 66
Accession Number: 2009-094461
Categories: Economic geology, geology of ore deposits
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
N36°00'00" - N43°45'00", W09°30'00" - E04°30'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200951
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