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The late Eocene greenhouse-icehouse transition; observations from the Massignano global stratotype section and point (GSSP)

Luigi Jovane, Rodolfo Coccioni, Andrea Marsili and Gary Acton
The late Eocene greenhouse-icehouse transition; observations from the Massignano global stratotype section and point (GSSP) (in The late Eocene Earth; hothouse, icehouse, and impacts, Christian Koeberl (editor) and Alessandro Montanari (editor))
Special Paper - Geological Society of America (2009) 452: 149-168

Abstract

The interval from the middle Eocene to early Oligocene represents one of the most significant transitions in Earth's climate, during which greenhouse conditions were supplanted by icehouse conditions of the present day. This global transition was preceded by a long-term cooling phase and short-term uncorrelated variations in several marine proxies, which indicate paleoceanographic instabilities prior to the key climatic transition. We integrate previous multidisciplinary studies with recent data from the Massignano section (Umbria-Marche Basin) and summarize interpretations of studies from the past 20 yr that have been based on the Eocene-Oligocene boundary global stratotype section and point (GSSP). Based on the many data sets from this section, with an emphasis on the rock magnetic data, we propose that the fluctuations and final cessation of a westward subtropical Eocene Neotethys (STENT) current were drivers in the climatic transition from greenhouse to icehouse conditions. Our hypothesis considers that the global variable climatic conditions were synchronous to large changes in circulation in the western Neotethys Ocean, which were primarily due to paleogeographic and sea-level changes. Specifically, the closing of the gateway between the Arabian and Eurasian plates, through coupling of sea-level changes, could represent the threshold or one of the triggers that caused the paleoceanographic variations in the Neotethys and in global ocean circulation patterns during the end of the Eocene.


ISSN: 0072-1077
EISSN: 2331-219X
Coden: GSAPAZ
Serial Title: Special Paper - Geological Society of America
Serial Volume: 452
Title: The late Eocene greenhouse-icehouse transition; observations from the Massignano global stratotype section and point (GSSP)
Title: The late Eocene Earth; hothouse, icehouse, and impacts
Author(s): Jovane, LuigiCoccioni, RodolfoMarsili, AndreaActon, Gary
Author(s): Koeberl, Christianeditor
Author(s): Montanari, Alessandroeditor
Affiliation: Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome, Italy
Affiliation: University of Vienna, Department of Lithospheric Research, Vienna, Austria
Pages: 149-168
Published: 2009
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 978-0-8137-2452-2
Meeting name: Geological Sociaty of America (GSA) Penrose conference
Meeting location: Ancona, ITA, Italy
Meeting date: 20071003Oct. 3-6, 2007
References: 210
Accession Number: 2009-074336
Categories: Stratigraphy
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. sect., strat. col., 1 table, geol. sketch map
N43°31'60" - N43°31'60", E13°35'60" - E13°35'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Osservatorio Geologico di Coldigioco, ITA, ItalyUniversita di Urbino Carlo Bo, ITA, ItalyUniversity of California-Davis, USA, United States
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200940
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