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GEOREF RECORD

The occurrence of chitinoidellids in palynological residues from the Ammonitico Rosso Formation (Tithonian), Spain

Gloria Andreini, Nicoletta Buratti and Simonetta Cirilli
The occurrence of chitinoidellids in palynological residues from the Ammonitico Rosso Formation (Tithonian), Spain
Palaios (June 2009) 24 (6): 402-405

Abstract

This study deals with the recovery of chitinoidellid specimens in palynological residues and their usefulness as biochronologic tools. We sampled specimens--which represent a very small group of ancient planktonic ciliates of uncertain origin that appeared in the early Tithonian and lasted until the late Tithonian in the Jurassic--from the upper part of the Ammonitico Rosso Formation, outcropping in southeastern Spain (Sierra de Crevillente, Congost section). Chitinoidellid associations allowed us to attribute the lower part of the succession studied to the early Tithonian (Chitinoidella Zone). The palynological preparations reveal urn-shaped bodies 60-140 mu long, which we interpret as chitinoidellid remains. These organic-walled objects show the organic nature of chitinoidellid loricae, which, as previously suggested, were probably chitinous. The loricae consisted of a continuous organic lining and suggest that the presence of calcite crystals was limited to single dispersed crystallites rather than their occurrence in layers, as suggested by earlier reports. This study shows that palynological extraction of chitinoidellids can yield more information on the morphology and, thus, on the phylogeny of this planktonic group than the traditional thin-section approach.


ISSN: 0883-1351
Serial Title: Palaios
Serial Volume: 24
Serial Issue: 6
Title: The occurrence of chitinoidellids in palynological residues from the Ammonitico Rosso Formation (Tithonian), Spain
Affiliation: Universita degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Perugia, Italy
Pages: 402-405
Published: 200906
Text Language: English
Publisher: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Tulsa, OK, United States
References: 25
Accession Number: 2009-064977
Categories: Stratigraphy
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. strat. col., geol. sketch map
N38°13'60" - N38°13'60", W00°48'00" - W00°48'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology), Tulsa, OK, United States
Update Code: 200935
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