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The long term stability of a metal-laden Bauxsol (super TM) reagent under different geochemical conditions

Malcolm Clark, J. Berry and D. McConchie
The long term stability of a metal-laden Bauxsol (super TM) reagent under different geochemical conditions
Geochemistry - Exploration, Environment, Analysis (February 2009) 9 (1): 101-112

Abstract

Although Bauxsol (super TM) technology is gaining acceptance for treatment of acid rock drainage and industrial effluents, most leaching studies of spent reagent have used material that has been stored in well-oxygenated conditions for no more than a few weeks. Consequently, few long-term stability data are available to predict potential metal release under various geochemical conditions. This study investigates the simulated aging of a metal-laden Bauxsol (super TM) reagent under oxic, anoxic and anoxic-reducing conditions. Long-term stability under oxic conditions was simulated by sealing samples in 50 ml centrifuge tubes with a small quantity of water (to facilitate metal transfer and mineral recrystallization reactions), and allowing the contents to age at 65 degrees C over about 3 months. Anoxic conditions were maintained for 6 months in 200-l drums of seawater, using nitrogen to displace any dissolved oxygen; Eh remained between +50 and +100 mV and dissolved oxygen was maintained at <0.1 mg/l. Anoxic-reducing conditions were maintained for 6 months as for the anoxic drums with the addition of rotting oysters, mangrove forest sediment and a small quantity of Na (sub 2) S; the dissolved oxygen content remained <0.1 mg/l, the dissolved sulphide content >0.3 mg/l and the water Eh less than -350 mV. The proportion of most metals extractable with pH 2.88 buffered acetic acid extractant (used to indicate relative leachability) decreased by between 25 and >75% during aging under all tested conditions (i.e. the longer the samples were left, the less metal could be extracted) although minor short-term (2-4 weeks) increases in metal mobility were detected with anoxic and anoxic-reducing samples. The data show that metals bound by Bauxsol (super TM) reagents become increasingly resistant to leaching over time. The precipitation of insoluble sulphides, low solubility carbonates, hydroxycarbonates or hydroxysulphates, and solid-state diffusion process may explain the observed decreases. A measured increase of c. 16% in the mean volume of hematite crystallites over 3 months in oxic conditions also admits the possibility that metals may be incorporated as impurities in growing oxide and oxyhydroxide crystals.


ISSN: 1467-7873
EISSN: 2041-4943
Serial Title: Geochemistry - Exploration, Environment, Analysis
Serial Volume: 9
Serial Issue: 1
Title: The long term stability of a metal-laden Bauxsol (super TM) reagent under different geochemical conditions
Affiliation: Southern Cross University, Environmental and Engineering Geochemistry Research Group, Lismore, N. S. W., Australia
Pages: 101-112
Published: 20090201
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House, London, United Kingdom
References: 48
Accession Number: 2009-041027
Categories: General geochemistryEnvironmental geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables
Secondary Affiliation: Hunter Enviro-Mining, AUS, Australia
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 200922
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