Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination

Disposal of radioactive waste in rock caverns; current situation in the Czech Republic

Frantisek Woller
Disposal of radioactive waste in rock caverns; current situation in the Czech Republic (in Deep geologic repositories, Norbert T. Rempe (editor))
Reviews in Engineering Geology (2008) 19: 15-22


Disposal of Czech institutional radioactive waste began in 1959. Waste (predominantly low level and short-lived) is disposed of in rock chambers that have been excavated in several different rock types, originally for different purposes, and subsequently used for radioactive waste disposal. All Czech radioactive waste repositories are operated by the Radioactive Waste Repository Authority (RAWRA). The oldest Czech repository is Alcazar near Beroun, a town in central Bohemia. This repository commenced operation in 1959. Two galleries in Devonian limestone were excavated between 1942 and 1944. Disposal at Alcazar ended in 1965. In 1994, the repository was closed. Bratrstvi, near the town of Jachymov in NW Bohemia, has been in continuous operation since 1974. Only waste contaminated by natural radionuclides is disposed of at this repository. Five chambers and the access gallery are parts of an abandoned uranium mine. The repository is situated in metamorphic rocks. The most important repository for institutional waste disposal is the Richard II facility near the town of Litomerice in northern Bohemia. Galleries and chambers currently used for disposal are part of an underground system excavated from an extensive lens of clayey limestone of Turonian age. The original purpose was the underground mining of limestone. Radioactive waste has been disposed of here since 1964.

ISSN: 0080-2018
EISSN: 2169-799X
Coden: GAEGA4
Serial Title: Reviews in Engineering Geology
Serial Volume: 19
Title: Disposal of radioactive waste in rock caverns; current situation in the Czech Republic
Title: Deep geologic repositories
Author(s): Woller, Frantisek
Author(s): Rempe, Norbert T.editor
Affiliation: Radioactive Waste Repository Authority, Geological Repository Development, Prague, Czech Republic
Affiliation: 1403 North Country Club Circle, Carlsbad, NM, United States
Pages: 15-22
Published: 2008
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
ISBN: 978-0-8137-4119-2
References: 7
Accession Number: 2009-010022
Categories: Engineering geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, sketch map
N48°31'60" - N51°04'00", E12°05'60" - E16°49'60"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200906
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal