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Computational study of the effect of pressure on the Ti-in-zircon geothermometer

Elizabeth D. A. Ferriss, Eric J. Essene and Udo Becker
Computational study of the effect of pressure on the Ti-in-zircon geothermometer (in From field observation to experimental petrology and back; a special issue to honour Werner Schreyer, Walter Maresch (editor), Edward Grew (editor) and Friedrich Seifert (editor))
European Journal of Mineralogy (October 2008) 20 (5): 745-755

Abstract

Understanding how Ti partitions between the Si and Zr sites in zircon is crucial for developing the Ti-in-zircon geothermometer. Energies calculated using quantum-mechanical methods (VASP, CASTEP, Dmol (super 3) , Crystal) were used to compare the relative favorability of substitution into each site at pressures ranging from 0 to 10 GPa. The results of these quantum-mechanical calculations were used in Monte-Carlo calculations to derive the excess enthalpy of mixing (Delta H (sub excess) ), entropy of mixing (Delta S (sub excess) ), and free energy of mixing (Delta G (sub excess) ) for the binaries ZrSiO (sub 4) -ZrTiO (sub 4) and ZrSiO (sub 4) -TiSiO (sub 4) (assuming that all compositions have zircon structure) at temperatures ranging from 333 K to 3000 K, and estimates are made of the maximum amount of Ti that may be incorporated into each site as a function of temperature and pressure. The results are considered in thermodynamic reference to other oxides, such as SiO (sub 2) , ZrO (sub 2) , and TiO (sub 2) , that are involved in substitution reactions. At pressures below about 3.5 GPa, substitution into the Si site is more thermodynamically favorable and thus dominates, whereas at higher pressures, substitution into the Zr site becomes more important in zircon. The latter result suggests that the reaction TiO (sub 2(rutile)) + ZrSiO (sub 4(zircon)) --> TiSiO (sub 4(zircon)) + ZrO (sub 2(baddeleyite)) becomes predominant for the substitution of Ti-in-zircon for ultra-high pressure assemblages. The molar volume of the theoretical zirconstructured compound ZrTiO (sub 4) was calculated using quantum mechanics (VASP, CASTEP, Dmol (super 3) ) and determined to be 44.21 + or - 0.45 cm (super 3) /mol. The resulting Delta V for the reaction ZrSiO (sub 4(zircon)) + TiO (sub 2(rutile)) = ZrTiO (sub 4(zircon)) + SiO (sub 2(quartz)) is doubled. The Clapeyron slope (dP/dT) of the reaction is halved, and the pressure correction to the Ti-in-zircon thermometer is twice as large as a previous estimate.


ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 20
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Computational study of the effect of pressure on the Ti-in-zircon geothermometer
Title: From field observation to experimental petrology and back; a special issue to honour Werner Schreyer
Author(s): Ferriss, Elizabeth D. A.Essene, Eric J.Becker, Udo
Author(s): Maresch, Waltereditor
Author(s): Grew, Edwardeditor
Author(s): Seifert, Friedricheditor
Affiliation: University of Michigan, Department of Geological Sciences, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
Pages: 745-755
Published: 200810
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany
Accession Number: 2009-003332
Categories: Igneous and metamorphic petrology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 200902
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