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GEOREF RECORD

Terrain evaluation for Allied military operations in Europe and the Far East during World War II; "secret" British reports and specialist maps generated by the Geological Section, Inter-Service Topographical Department

Edward P. F. Rose and J. C. Clatworthy
Terrain evaluation for Allied military operations in Europe and the Far East during World War II; "secret" British reports and specialist maps generated by the Geological Section, Inter-Service Topographical Department
Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology (May 2008) 41 (2): 237-256

Abstract

Between November 1943 and June 1946, at least 16 geologists assisted the Inter-Service Topographical Department (ISTD), a British military unit primarily of geographers, under Royal Navy auspices, to prepare reports and geotechnical maps to guide planning of Allied military operations. Reports assessing terrain factors were generated with geologist assistance for parts of Italy, France, Germany, Austria, the Low Countries and the Balkan region; also for Malaya, parts of Indonesia, Thailand, Indo-China, Formosa, Hainan, Hong Kong and the nearby Chinese mainland. The Geological Section ISTD, as it was officially designated from August 1944, based at Oxford, had an authorized establishment of four Royal Engineers officers (briefly assisted by a few US, Canadian and Dutch military personnel), but simultaneously involved up to 12 earth scientists or engineers by August 1945; it was the only team of British military geologists to be constituted (except in India) in either World War. Its work marks a significant if largely unknown phase in the development of engineering and hydrogeological terrain evaluation skills prior to the evolution of terrain analysis as a major discipline postwar, revealed by declassified reports now preserved in the UK within the National Archives and the Royal Geographical Society's library; maps at the British and the Bodleian libraries; and documents in the University of Birmingham's Lapworth Museum of Geology.


ISSN: 1470-9236
EISSN: 2041-4803
Serial Title: Quarterly Journal of Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology
Serial Volume: 41
Serial Issue: 2
Title: Terrain evaluation for Allied military operations in Europe and the Far East during World War II; "secret" British reports and specialist maps generated by the Geological Section, Inter-Service Topographical Department
Affiliation: University of London, Department of Earth Sciences, London, United Kingdom
Pages: 237-256
Published: 200805
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of London, London, United Kingdom
References: 67
Accession Number: 2008-110057
Categories: Miscellaneous
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, geol. sketch maps
N46°15'00" - N49°00'00", E09°30'00" - E17°15'00"
N09°00'00" - N28°45'00", E92°00'00" - E101°45'00"
N01°30'00" - N07°30'00", E100°00'00" - E119°00'00"
S06°00'00" - N05°45'00", E95°04'60" - E106°10'00"
N22°04'60" - N22°34'60", E113°49'60" - E114°30'00"
Secondary Affiliation: University of Birmingham, GBR, United Kingdom
Country of Publication: United Kingdom
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data from The Geological Society, London, London, United Kingdom
Update Code: 200840
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