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Unique Quaternary environment for discoveries of woolly rhinoceroses in Starunia, fore-Carpathian region, Ukraine; geochemical and geoelectric studies

Maciej J. Kotarba, Marek Dzieniewicz, Wlodzimierz J. Moscicki and Henryk Sechman
Unique Quaternary environment for discoveries of woolly rhinoceroses in Starunia, fore-Carpathian region, Ukraine; geochemical and geoelectric studies
Geology (Boulder) (July 2008) 36 (7): 567-570

Abstract

In 1907, remnants of a mammoth and a woolly rhinoceros were discovered in the Pleistocene clays of an earth-wax mine in Starunia village. Then, in 1929, a nearly fully preserved woolly rhinoceros was found in the same mine. The unique combination of clays, oil, and brine into which the animals had sunk is responsible for their almost perfect preservation. During the late Pleistocene winters, when the ice and snow cover was present in the tundra "paleoswamp," areas of inflow of brines, oils, and hydrocarbon gases had a higher temperature, which resulted in melting and cracking of the cover, and large mammals could be trapped. Geoelectric measurements, as well as molecular and stable isotope analyses of gases in the near-surface zone within the "paleoswamp" performed in 2004-2005, reveal a few places favorable to the burial and preservation of Pleistocene vertebrates.


ISSN: 0091-7613
EISSN: 1943-2682
Coden: GLGYBA
Serial Title: Geology (Boulder)
Serial Volume: 36
Serial Issue: 7
Title: Unique Quaternary environment for discoveries of woolly rhinoceroses in Starunia, fore-Carpathian region, Ukraine; geochemical and geoelectric studies
Affiliation: AGH-University of Science and Technology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Cracow, Poland
Pages: 567-570
Published: 200807
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 12
Accession Number: 2008-104110
Categories: Quaternary geologyVertebrate paleontology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table, sketch maps
N48°40'00" - N48°42'00", E24°28'60" - E24°31'00"
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States. Reference includes data supplied by the Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, United States
Update Code: 200836
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