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Remote-sensing-based coal-fire detection with low-resolution MODIS data

Christoph Hecker, Claudia Kuenzer and Jianzhong Zhang
Remote-sensing-based coal-fire detection with low-resolution MODIS data (in Geology of coal fires; case studies from around the world, Glenn B. Stracher (editor))
Reviews in Engineering Geology (2007) 18: 229-238


Remote-sensing imagery is often used for detecting and monitoring coal fires. The Landsat7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor and its predecessors of the Landsat family were frequently utilized for that purpose. With Landsat5 quickly approaching the end of its lifetime and the partial malfunction of Landsat7 in 2003, other potential sensors, including Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), merit investigation. One kilometer MODIS data were successfully acquired and analyzed to detect coal fires in China during one summer and two winter night scenes. Band ratios of MODIS bands 20/32 enhanced subpixel-sized hot spots over background values, and an automated thermal anomaly algorithm was an asset in extracting potential coal-fire locations. For areas with known subsurface fires, between 0% and 17% were correctly detected in the three images. Areas with surface fires had success rates of 42% to 49%. These results indicate that MODIS is potentially useful for monitoring large areas for newly developing surface coal fires. Most subsurface coal fires, however, remain undetected.

ISSN: 0080-2018
EISSN: 2169-799X
Coden: GAEGA4
Serial Title: Reviews in Engineering Geology
Serial Volume: 18
Title: Remote-sensing-based coal-fire detection with low-resolution MODIS data
Title: Geology of coal fires; case studies from around the world
Author(s): Hecker, ChristophKuenzer, ClaudiaZhang, Jianzhong
Author(s): Stracher, Glenn B.editor
Affiliation: International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, Enschede, Netherlands
Affiliation: East Georgia College, Division of Natural Science and Mathematics, Swainsboro, GA, United States
Pages: 229-238
Published: 2007
Text Language: English
Publisher: Geological Society of America (GSA), Boulder, CO, United States
References: 26
Accession Number: 2008-099582
Categories: Applied geophysics
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 3 tables, sketch maps
N39°31'00" - N39°31'00", E106°35'60" - E106°35'60"
N39°42'00" - N39°42'00", E106°07'00" - E106°07'00"
N38°30'00" - N40°10'00", E105°30'00" - E107°49'60"
Secondary Affiliation: Vienna University of Technology, AUT, Austria
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200834
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