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The identity of Gastrochaena cuneiformis Spengler, 1783, and the evolution of Gastrochaena, Rocellaria, and Lamychaena (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Gastrochaenoidea)

Joseph G. Carter, Trent McDowell and Naveen Namboodiri
The identity of Gastrochaena cuneiformis Spengler, 1783, and the evolution of Gastrochaena, Rocellaria, and Lamychaena (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Gastrochaenoidea)
Journal of Paleontology (January 2008) 82 (1): 102-117

Abstract

The specimens of Gastrochaena cuneiformis Spengler, 1783, with Spengler-written labels at the Zoologisk Museum, Copenhagen, did not come from Spengler's type locality in the Nicobar Islands, and may instead be syntypes of Chemnitz's (1788) West Indies "Pholas hians". The identity of Gastrochaena cuneiformis as a senior synonym of Gastrochaena gigantea (Deshayes, 1830) is established on the basis of Spengler's original descriptions and illustrations, and by examination of specimens from the type locality. A neotype for G. cuneiformis is designated and illustrated, and its genus is revised to exclude Rocellaria Blainville, 1829, and Lamychaena Freneix in Freneix and Roman, 1979. Gastrochaena Spengler, 1783 is the most plesiomorphic of these three genera, as shown by its simple boring, short siphons, and diffuse, poorly differentiated anterior pedal muscles. Rocellaria evolved from a close common ancestor with Gastrochaena, and is characterized by a ventral shift and fusion of the posteroventral pallial sinus with the posteroventral pallial band, low, irregular posterior commarginal lamellae, and well defined anterior pedal retractor muscles generally supported by myophores. Lamychaena evolved from Rocellaria during the Oligocene, extending its ctenidia far posterior into the siphonal part of the boring, and, in some species, uniting its anterior pedal retractor and protractor muscles as they approach the byssus apparatus.


ISSN: 0022-3360
EISSN: 1937-2337
Coden: JPALAZ
Serial Title: Journal of Paleontology
Serial Volume: 82
Serial Issue: 1
Title: The identity of Gastrochaena cuneiformis Spengler, 1783, and the evolution of Gastrochaena, Rocellaria, and Lamychaena (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Gastrochaenoidea)
Affiliation: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Geological Sciences, Chapel Hill, NC, United States
Pages: 102-117
Published: 200801
Text Language: English
Publisher: Paleontological Society, Lawrence, KS, United States
References: 76
Accession Number: 2008-040285
Categories: Invertebrate paleontology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
N06°30'00" - N09°00'00", E92°19'60" - E93°45'00"
Secondary Affiliation: Centre of Advance Study in Marine Biology, IND, India
Country of Publication: United States
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, Copyright, The Paleontological Society. Reference includes data from GeoScienceWorld, Alexandria, VA, United States
Update Code: 200812
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