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GEOREF RECORD

Distinct Taconic, Salinic, and Acadian deformation along the Iapetus suture zone, Newfoundland Appalachians

A. Zagorevski, C. R. van Staal and V. J. McNicoll
Distinct Taconic, Salinic, and Acadian deformation along the Iapetus suture zone, Newfoundland Appalachians
Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences = Revue Canadienne des Sciences de la Terre (November 2007) 44 (11): 1567-1585

Abstract

Structural mapping in central Newfoundland has identified seven distinct phases of deformation (D (sub 1) to D (sub 7) ), the most significant of which are D1, D (sub 2) , and D (sub 4) . D (sub 1) involved the formation of a Middle and Late Ordovician south-southeast-directed thrust belt and concomitant development of mylonite and phyllonite. A Late Ordovician to Early Silurian D2 thrust and fold belt overprints D1 mylonitic deformation and is the most distinctive deformation event in the study area. Late Silurian to Devonian D4 is responsible for folds and north-northwest-directed dextral thrust and reverse faults that overprint D1 to D3 structures. D4 structures in central Newfoundland include the Exploits-Gander boundary. Subsequent deformation is generally of local significance only. The arc-back-arc complexes making up the various terranes in central Newfoundland are predominantly juxtaposed along D1 shear zones, which include the Red Indian Line. Our data indicate that terrane boundaries initiated during D1 may have protracted deformation histories spanning several deformation events. This has important implications for the interpretation of terrane boundaries in Newfoundland, as D1 terrane boundaries may be interpreted as D2 or D4 shear zones depending on the intensity of overprinting or reactivation. The deformation history proposed in this paper corresponds closely to that of established Appalachian orogenic cycles. D1 is correlated with the Ordovician Taconic orogeny and involved accretion of arc-back-arc complexes to the Laurentian margin. D2 and D4 are correlated with the Ordovician-Silurian Salinic and Silurian-Devonian Acadian orogenies, which involved the subsequent accretion of the Ganderia and Avalonia microcontinents to the Laurentian margin, respectively.


ISSN: 0008-4077
EISSN: 1480-3313
Coden: CJESAP
Serial Title: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences = Revue Canadienne des Sciences de la Terre
Serial Volume: 44
Serial Issue: 11
Title: Distinct Taconic, Salinic, and Acadian deformation along the Iapetus suture zone, Newfoundland Appalachians
Affiliation: Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Pages: 1567-1585
Published: 200711
Text Language: English
Summary Language: French
Publisher: National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
References: 75
Accession Number: 2008-036103
Categories: Structural geology
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. block diags., sects., 1 table, geol. sketch maps
N48°00'00" - N48°45'00", W57°49'60" - W56°30'00"
Country of Publication: Canada
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200811
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