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Mineralization of bones and teeth

Adele L. Boskey
Mineralization of bones and teeth
Elements (December 2007) 3 (6): 385-391


Bones and teeth consist of an inorganic calcium phosphate mineral approximated by hydroxylapatite and matrix proteins. The physical and chemical properties of these "bioapatite" crystals are different from those of geologic hydroxylapatite because of the way they are formed, and these unique properties are required for fulfilling the biological functions of bones and teeth. Recent biochemical studies provide insight into the factors controlling the formation and growth of bioapatite crystals and how alteration in the mineralization process can lead to diseases such as osteoporosis. New spectroscopic and microscopic techniques are enabling scientists to characterize changes in crystal properties in these diseases, providing potentially fruitful areas of collaboration among geochemists, mineralogists, and biological researchers and offering hope for the development of novel therapies.

ISSN: 1811-5209
Serial Title: Elements
Serial Volume: 3
Serial Issue: 6
Title: Mineralization of bones and teeth
Author(s): Boskey, Adele L.
Affiliation: Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, NY, United States
Pages: 385-391
Published: 200712
Text Language: English
Publisher: Mineralogical Society of America and Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland and Mineralogical Association of Canada and Geochemical Society and Clay Minerals Society, International
References: 45
Accession Number: 2008-032657
Categories: General geochemistry
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 2 tables
Country of Publication: International
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute. Abstract, copyright, Mineralogical Society of America
Update Code: 200810
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