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Crystal structure and cation distribution in Fe (sub 7) SiO (sub 10) ("iscorite")

Peter A. van Aken, Gerhard Miehe, Alan B. Woodland and Ross J. Angel
Crystal structure and cation distribution in Fe (sub 7) SiO (sub 10) ("iscorite")
European Journal of Mineralogy (October 2005) 17 (5): 723-731

Abstract

The mixed valence compound Fe (super 2+) (sub 5) Fe (super 3+) (sub 2) SiO (sub 10) , informally known as "iscorite", has been investigated by high-resolution and analytical transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM & ATEM) including energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX) and electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS). EDX and EELS measurements confirm the chemical composition of the investigated sample yielding concentration ratios of Fe/Si = 7.1 and Fe (super 3+) /Sigma Fe = 0.29 + or - 0.03 which resemble the expected ratios of Fe:Si = 7:1 and Fe (super 3+) /Sigma Fe = 2:7. The lattice parameters of the monoclinic cell given by Smuts et al. (1969) and Modaressi et al. (1985) were confirmed: a = 2.1336 nm, b = 0.30679 nm, c = 0.58744 nm, beta = 98.06 degrees . However, space group /12/m1 (No.12) was found instead of the published space group P12 (sub 1) /m1 (No.11). In selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns in the orientation [011], streaking of the basic reflections and diffuse diffraction lines located at 1/2 (b* + c*) parallel to the a* direction are observed indicating an intense microstructural disorder. For the first time, we report the occurrence of twins on (200) in "iscorite". These structural modulations observed in SAED patterns and in Fourier-filtering analysis of the HRTEM images result from Fe (super 3+) /Si-disorder on tetrahedral sites and Fe (super 2+) /Fe (super 3+) - disorder on octahedral sites. Therefore, the crystal structure of "iscorite" has been described anew within the non-standard centrosymmetric space group /12/m1 by the use of the single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) data of (Modaressi et al., 1985) in combination with our SAED and HRTEM results.


ISSN: 0935-1221
EISSN: 1617-4011
Serial Title: European Journal of Mineralogy
Serial Volume: 17
Serial Issue: 5
Title: Crystal structure and cation distribution in Fe (sub 7) SiO (sub 10) ("iscorite")
Affiliation: Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Institut fuer Angewandte, Darmstadt, Federal Republic of Germany
Pages: 723-731
Published: 200510
Text Language: English
Publisher: Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung (Naegele u. Obermiller), Stuttgart, Federal Republic of Germany
References: 13
Accession Number: 2005-074504
Categories: Mineralogy of silicates
Document Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus.
Secondary Affiliation: Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universitaet, DEU, Federal Republic of GermanyVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA, United States
Country of Publication: Germany
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2017, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200544
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