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Comprehensive environmental ore deposit models as an aid for sustainable development

Y. T. John Kwong
Comprehensive environmental ore deposit models as an aid for sustainable development (in Sustainable mining in the 21st century; a role for geoscientists, J. P. Richards (editor))
Exploration and Mining Geology (October 2003) 12 (1-4): 31-36

Abstract

To exploit an ore deposit without unduly impacting the environment is a challenge that can only be met by the concerted efforts of traditionally independent teams working on a mining project. Not only is detailed geology required of geologists to help mine engineers to develop a mine plan that assures generation of the least possible amount of mine waste, but metallurgists also have to select the most environmentally friendly mineral processing schemes, and communicate with environmental engineers with regard to complications that process chemicals may pose on proper mine waste management. Traditional ore deposit models typically emphasize the geological and mineralogical aspects of ore genesis to facilitate exploration for similar deposits. Recent research has shown that potential environmental liabilities such as acid mine drainage and metal leaching can readily be predicted according to deposit types. The choice of mining methods, mineral processing schemes, and decommissioning options are also largely dictated by the composition and setting of an orebody to be mined. Integrating such related information into traditional ore deposit descriptions would lead to the development of comprehensive environmental ore deposit models. The latter would facilitate communication among staff of the varied components of a mine project and aid with the selection of a combination of methods and strategies that would assure minimum environmental risks and impacts, reduce the overall project cost, and enhance sustainable development.


ISSN: 0964-1823
Serial Title: Exploration and Mining Geology
Serial Volume: 12
Serial Issue: 1-4
Title: Comprehensive environmental ore deposit models as an aid for sustainable development
Title: Sustainable mining in the 21st century; a role for geoscientists
Author(s): Kwong, Y. T. John
Author(s): Richards, J. P.editor
Affiliation: Natural Resources Canada, CANMET-Mining and Mineral Sciences Laboratories, Ottawa, ON, Canada
Affiliation: University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
Pages: 31-36
Published: 200310
Text Language: English
Publisher: Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, Montreal, QC, Canada
Meeting name: SUM21 workshop
Meeting location: Burnaby, BC, CAN, Canada
Meeting date: 20020502May 2-3, 2002
References: 13
Accession Number: 2005-021085
Categories: Environmental geologyEconomic geology, general, deposits
Document Type: Serial Conference document
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Illustration Description: illus. incl. 1 table
Country of Publication: Canada
Secondary Affiliation: GeoRef, Copyright 2018, American Geosciences Institute.
Update Code: 200508
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